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Correlation between noncommunicable disease mortality in people aged 30-69 years and those aged 70-89 years
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Bulletin of the World Health Organization, ISSN 0042-9686, E-ISSN 1564-0604, Vol. 97, nr 9, s. 589-596Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To investigate whether the key metric for monitoring progress towards sustainable development goal target 3.4 that is measuring premature noncommunicable disease mortality (deaths among people aged 30-69 years), is ageist.

Methods: To examine the relationship between premature noncommunicable disease mortality and noncommunicable disease mortality in older people, a database of mortality rates for cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and diabetes in people aged 30 to 69 years and 70 to 89 years was compiled using estimates from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. The data covered 195 countries, six time-points and both sexes, giving 2340 instances. The World Health Organization's (WHO's) life-table method for the premature noncommunicable disease mortality metric was applied to the data.

Findings: There was a strong correlation between noncommunicable disease mortality patterns in the premature and older age groups, which suggests that measuring premature noncommunicable disease mortality is informative about such mortality in later life. Neither time nor geographical location had a substantial effect on this correlation. However, there were female-to-male differences in age-specific probabilities of death due to noncommunicable disease, implying that noncommunicable disease mortality should be assessed using a sex-disaggregated approach.

Conclusion: As the established WHO metric for premature noncommunicable disease mortality was predictive of noncommunicable disease mortality in older people, the metric should not be construed as ageist Focusing resources on measuring premature noncommunicable disease mortality will be appropriate, particularly in settings without universal civil death registration. This approach should not prejudice the provision of health services throughout the life-course.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION , 2019. Vol. 97, nr 9, s. 589-596
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-164508DOI: 10.2471/BLT.18.227132ISI: 000484017600010PubMedID: 31474771OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-164508DiVA, id: diva2:1372291
Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-22 Skapad: 2019-11-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-22Bibliografiskt granskad

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