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Both mosquito-derived xanthurenic acid and a host blood-derived factor regulate gametogenesis of Plasmodium in the midgut of the mosquito
Department of Biology,Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1716-168x
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2001 (English)In: Molecular and biochemical parasitology (Print), ISSN 0166-6851, E-ISSN 1872-9428, Vol. 116, no 1, p. 17-24Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Gametogenesis of Plasmodium in vitro can be induced by the combined stimulus of a 5 degrees C fall in temperature and the presence of xanthurenic acid (XA). In-vitro experiments showed that P. gallinaceum (EC(50)=80 nM) is much more sensitive to XA than P. berghei (9 microM), P. yoelii (8 microM), and P. falciparum (2 microM). However, in the mosquito vector, we do not know whether the temperature shift and XA are the only gametocyte-activating factors (GAF), nor do we know with certainty the true source(s) of XA in the mosquito blood meal. Previous studies indicate that XA is the only source of GAF in the mosquito. By defining, and then contrasting, the ability of an XA-deficient mutant of Aedes aegypti, with the wild-type mosquito to support exflagellation and ookinete formation in vivo, we determined the roles of parasite-, mosquito- and host blood-derived GAF in the regulation of gametogenesis of P. gallinaceum. Removal of both host and vector sources of GAF totally inhibited both exflagellation and ookinete production, whilst the lack of either single source resulted in only a partial reduction of exflagellation and ookinete formation in the mosquito gut. Both sources can be effectively replaced/substituted by synthetic XA. This suggests (1) both mosquito- and vertebrate-derived factors act as GAF in the mosquito gut in vivo; (2) the parasite itself is unable to produce any significant GAF activity. Studies are underway to determine whether vertebrate-derived GAF is XA. These data may form the basis of further studies of the development of new methods of interrupting malarial transmission.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2001. Vol. 116, no 1, p. 17-24
Keywords [en]
Aedes/genetics/parasitology, Animals, Anopheles/genetics/parasitology, Chickens/parasitology, Culicidae/genetics/*parasitology, Digestive System/*parasitology, Gametogenesis/*drug effects, Host-Parasite Interactions, Plasmodium/*growth & development, Xanthurenates/*pharmacology
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Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-165898DOI: 10.1016/s0166-6851(01)00299-7ISI: 000170409300003PubMedID: 11463462OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-165898DiVA, id: diva2:1379299
Available from: 2019-12-16 Created: 2019-12-16 Last updated: 2019-12-19Bibliographically approved

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Billker, Oliver

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