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Plasmodium berghei calcium-dependent protein kinase 3 is required for ookinete gliding motility and mosquito midgut invasion
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2006 (English)In: Molecular Microbiology, ISSN 0950-382X, E-ISSN 1365-2958, Vol. 60, no 6, p. 1355-1363Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Apicomplexan parasites critically depend on a unique form of gliding motility to colonize their hosts and to invade cells. Gliding requires different stage and species-specific transmembrane adhesins, which interact with an intracellular motor complex shared across parasite stages and species. How gliding is regulated by extracellular factors and intracellular signalling mechanisms is largely unknown, but current evidence suggests an important role for cytosolic calcium as a second messenger. Studying a Plasmodium berghei gene deletion mutant, we here provide evidence that a calcium-dependent protein kinase, CDPK3, has an important function in regulating motility of the ookinete in the mosquito midgut. We show that a cdpk3- parasite clone produces morphologically normal ookinetes, which fail to engage the midgut epithelium, due to a marked reduction in their ability to glide productively, resulting in marked reduction in malaria transmission to the mosquito. The mutant was successfully complemented with an episomally maintained cdpk3 gene, restoring mosquito transmission to wild-type level. cdpk3- ookinetes maintain their full genetic differentiation potential when microinjected into the mosquito haemocoel and cdpk3- sporozoites produced in this way are motile and infectious, suggesting an ookinete-limited essential function for CDPK3.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing, 2006. Vol. 60, no 6, p. 1355-1363
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-165885DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2006.05189.xISI: 000237812500006PubMedID: 16796674OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-165885DiVA, id: diva2:1379347
Available from: 2019-12-17 Created: 2019-12-17 Last updated: 2019-12-17Bibliographically approved

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Billker, Oliver

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CiteExportLink to record
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