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PECTIN ACETYLESTERASE9 Affects the Transcriptome and Metabolome and Delays Aphid Feeding1[OPEN]
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC). Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Plant Physiology. Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0379-5473
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2019 (English)In: Plant Physiology, ISSN 0032-0889, E-ISSN 1532-2548, Vol. 181, no 4, p. 1704-1720Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The plant cell wall plays an important role in damage-associated molecular pattern-induced resistance to pathogens and herbivorous insects. Our current understanding of cell wall-mediated resistance is largely based on the degree of pectin methylesterification. However, little is known about the role of pectin acetylesterification in plant immunity. This study describes how one pectin-modifying enzyme, PECTIN ACETYLESTERASE 9 (PAE9), affects the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) transcriptome, secondary metabolome, and aphid performance. Electro-penetration graphs showed that Myzus persicae aphids established phloem feeding earlier on pae9 mutants. Whole-genome transcriptome analysis revealed a set of 56 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between uninfested pae9-2 mutants and wild-type plants. The majority of the DEGs were enriched for biotic stress responses and down-regulated in the pae9-2 mutant, including PAD3 and IGMT2, involved in camalexin and indole glucosinolate biosynthesis, respectively. Relative quantification of more than 100 secondary metabolites revealed decreased levels of several compounds, including camalexin and oxylipins, in two independent pae9 mutants. In addition, absolute quantification of phytohormones showed that jasmonic acid (JA), jasmonoyl-Ile, salicylic acid, abscisic acid, and indole-3-acetic acid were compromised due to PAE9 loss of function. After aphid infestation, however, pae9 mutants increased their levels of camalexin, glucosinolates, and JA, and no long-term effects were observed on aphid fitness. Overall, these data show that PAE9 is required for constitutive up-regulation of defense-related compounds, but that it is not required for aphid-induced defenses. The signatures of phenolic antioxidants, phytoprostanes, and oxidative stress-related transcripts indicate that the processes underlying PAE9 activity involve oxidation-reduction reactions. PECTIN ACETYLESTERASE9 is involved in the accumulation of jasmonic acid, camalexin and antioxidants, and delays establishment of aphid phloem feeding, but is not required for aphid-induced defenses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Rockville: American Society of Plant Biologists , 2019. Vol. 181, no 4, p. 1704-1720
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Botany
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-167072DOI: 10.1104/pp.19.00635ISI: 000501767700025PubMedID: 31551361OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-167072DiVA, id: diva2:1385016
Available from: 2020-01-13 Created: 2020-01-13 Last updated: 2020-01-13Bibliographically approved

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Kloth, Karen J.Amini, FaribaAlbrectsen, Benedicte Riber

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Kloth, Karen J.Abreu, Ilka N.Delhomme, NicolasAmini, FaribaMoritz, ThomasAlbrectsen, Benedicte Riber
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Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC)Department of Plant Physiology
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