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PROBLEMATIC SMARTPHONE USE AND MENTAL HEALTH AMONG SWEDISH ADULTS
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2020 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Within the last two decades, there has been a substantial amount of technological innovations. Perhaps the most characteristic example of the technological development is the smartphone. The present study investigates the relationship between problematic smartphone use and mental health among Swedish adults. The sample consisted of 422 adult smartphone users. Data was collected through a web-based questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of a version of the Smartphone Addiction Scale (SAS), Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-Short version (DASS-21) and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). Pearson correlation was used to determine the nature and significance of the relationship between the outcome measures. Multiple linear regression analysis were used to investigate the bidirectional relationship between problematic smartphone use and mental health, and how the variables predicted each other. The result showed a moderate positive correlation between SAS and DASS (r = .46). SAS had the strongest correlation with stress (r = .49) followed by anxiety (r = .37), ISI (r = .33) and depression (r = .32). Stress significantly predicted problematic smartphone use and explained 24% of the variance. Stress stands out in the results as it has the strongest correlation with and prediction of problematic smartphone use, compared to depression, anxiety and sleep disturbances. An additional finding was that the results showed a moderate negative correlation between age and SAS (r = -.44) indicating that younger age is associated with higher levels of problematic smartphone use. Further research is needed to determine the causal nature of the relationship between problematic smartphone use and mental health and to examine the consequences of using smartphones as an emotional coping strategy over time.

Abstract [sv]

Under de senaste två decennierna har det skett en betydande teknologisk utveckling. Det kanske tydligaste exemplet på utvecklingen är smartphonen. Denna studie undersöker sambandet mellan problematiskt smartphoneanvändande och psykisk ohälsa hos vuxna svenskar. Urvalet bestod av 422 vuxna smartphoneanvändare. Data samlades in via ett webbaserat formulär. Formuläret bestod av en version av Smartphone Addiction Scale (SAS), Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-Short version (DASS-21) och Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). Pearsons korrelation användes för att undersöka karaktären och signifikansen på sambandet mellan variablerna. Multipla regressionsanalyser användes för att undersöka det dubbelriktade sambandet mellan smartphoneanvändande och psykisk ohälsa samt hur variablerna predicerade varandra. Resultatet visade en moderat positiv korrelation mellan SAS and DASS (r = .46). SAS hade den starkaste korrelationen med stress (r = .49) följt av ångest (r = .37), ISI (r = .33) och depression (r = .32). Stress predicerade signifikant problematiskt smartphoneanvändande och förklarade 24% av variansen. Stress utmärkte sig i resultatet då den hade den starkaste korrelationen med och var den starkaste prediktorn för problematiskt smartphoneanvändande, jämfört med depression, ångest och sömnstörningar. Ett ytterligare fynd i resultatet var en moderat negativ korrelation mellan ålder och problematiskt smartphoneanvändande (r = -.44) vilket indikerar att yngre åldrar är associerat med högre nivåer av problematiskt smartphoneanvändande. Vidare forskning behövs för att undersöka det dubbelriktade sambandet mellan problematiskt smartphoneanvändande och psykisk ohälsa samt för att undersöka konsekvenserna av att använda smartphones som en emotionell regleringsstrategi över tid.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 20
Keywords [en]
Problematic smartphone use, mental health issues, depression, anxiety, stress, sleep disturbances, age
Keywords [sv]
Problematiskt smartphoneanvändande, psykisk ohälsa, depression, ångest, stress, sömnsvårigheter, ålder
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-167373OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-167373DiVA, id: diva2:1386205
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-17 Created: 2020-01-16 Last updated: 2020-01-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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