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Social trust and anti-immigrant attitudes in Europe: A longitudinal multi-level analysis
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-167740OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-167740DiVA, id: diva2:1390710
Available from: 2020-02-03 Created: 2020-02-03 Last updated: 2020-02-03
In thesis
1. Prejudice in context over time: how demographic, economic and social conditions influence anti-immigrant attitudes in adolescents and adults
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prejudice in context over time: how demographic, economic and social conditions influence anti-immigrant attitudes in adolescents and adults
2020 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background Thesis explores the contexts that influence anti-immigrant attitudes in both adolescents and adults, and how contexts influence changes anti-immigrant attitudes in societies over time. Whereas previous research into anti-immigrant attitudes has either focused on micro socialization factors in adolescence, or threat inducing factors in adulthood; this thesis forwards an approach that synthesizes these two ideas. This approach includes four aspects: 1) Macro level contexts influence of prejudice during adolescence 2) Macro contextual factors, not strictly limited to direct competition over resources are important for prejudicial attitudes 3) These contexts are potentially changing over time, and changes in conditions should be related to changes in attitudes, and 4) The effects of these macro contexts on prejudicial attitudes during adolescence cast a long shadow over the rest of people’s lives.

Methods The methods used in this thesis employ a diverse range of datasets from Sweden (YeS), Germany (CILS4EU), the United States (GSS) and Europe (ESS) to measure attitudes towards immigrants. Each of these datasets allow for both comparative and longitudinal analysis with multi-level models, and contextual indicators that expand with each study from classrooms to regions, and finally countries.

Results The findings support the proposed approach. Demographic, economic and attitudinal contexts in adolescence influence attitudes about immigrants. Similarly, changes in contexts over time are also important. In contrast, only historic demographic and economic conditions experienced in adolescence, and contemporary levels of social trust influence attitudes in adults.

Conclusion This thesis makes both a theoretical and empirical contributions to the literature on anti-immigrant attitudes. By combining previous approaches it draws attention to both different types of contexts and when they should be important in relation to anti-immigrant attitudes. It also shows empirical evidence for each aspect of this approach with longitudinal analyses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, Sociologiska institutionen, 2020. p. 41
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 1104-2508 ; 83
Keywords
Anti-immigrant attitudes, context, adolescence, formative years, impressionable years, social trust, social change, attitude change, longitudinal analysis, attitudinal environments
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-167741 (URN)978-91-7855-199-6 (ISBN)978-91-7855-200-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2020-02-21, Hörsal 1031, Norra Beteendeveterhuset, Umeå, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2020-02-03 Created: 2020-02-03 Last updated: 2020-02-03Bibliographically approved

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Mitchell, Jeffrey

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
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  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf