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Att skapa rum för reflektion: Systematiska diskussionsgrupper med social omsorgs- och vårdpersonal inom särskilda boendeformer
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing.
2002 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis was to investigate what an intervention comprising systematic discussion groups meant in the context of conflicts and cooperation between social care staff and nursing staff, over a period of 7–15 months. The intervention was carried out in four experimental dwellings in special types of housing for elderly and disabled people and in comparison with four similar reference dwellings. Results are based on 27 interviews prior to the intervention and 29 after. The interviewees were managers, registered nurses, enrolled nurses and care assistants and concerned their experiences regarding problematic situations that occurred in their everyday work. The questionnaires (before n=84 and after intervention n=93) used were: sense of coherence, job-satisfaction and burnout and were aimed at investigating staff experiences of working climate and the influence of the intervention. The issues were investigated both before and after the intervention. Observations were used to determine whether they could provide further knowledge about the intervention and thus extend our understanding of the marginal differences in the complementary studies.

The phenomenological hermeneutic interpretation of the narratives in the interviews shows that the intervention was important to the experiences of being in problematic situations. The results before the intervention and in reference dwellings are equivalent and elucidate staff members' struggle to retain their self-esteem and to be confirmed by their colleagues. The experimental dwellings narratives show a change from rejecting to confirming communication among colleagues. Moreover, subtle changes are present which point to an emotional closeness where attempts have been made to understand colleagues' perspective and reactions where the residents are the central concern in the narratives. An analysis of the content of the interviews after intervention shows equivalent changes in experimental dwellings and reference dwellings. The analysis shows that the staff's view of problematic situations had been softened and that they viewed their colleagues as less of a hindrances. There were no mentions made of the previously indicated conflicts between social and nursing staff. The results also show that staff members are not afraid to stand by their own ideas of how they should act in various situations.

The staff experience of the working climate was positive both before and after the intervention and no significant differences could be seen. What stands out from the observation study is that the groups have different cultures and thus different prerequisites for the intervention. In two of four groups the intervention seemed to give rise to positive meanings regarding the staffs´ understanding of each other, necessary for their successful cooperation, but when the groups are in the ”basic assumption phase” other additional strategies are probably also needed. The marginal differences shown in the other complementary studies can be understood in terms of two of the four groups not perceiving the intervention to any large extent. When the internal group processes are of great importance it is essential to pay attention to culture of the staff groups before the intervention is implemented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. , 75 p.
Keyword [en]
cooperation, discussion groups, intervention, nursing staff, social care staff, phenomenological hermeneutics, problematic situations, qualitative content analysis
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-10ISBN: 91-7305-176-4OAI: diva2:139942
Public defence
2002-01-30, 00:00 (English)
Available from: 2002-01-30 Created: 2002-01-30 Last updated: 2009-10-30Bibliographically approved

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