Lobotomy at a state mental hospital: a survey of patients operated during the period 1947 to 1958
2007 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 61, no 5, 355-362 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This retrospective survey aims at describing patients subjected to prefrontal lobotomies and the general treatment conditions at Umedalen State Mental Hospital during the period 1947–1958. Data collected from psychiatric and surgical medical records was analysed using quantitative and qualitative content analysis. A total of 771 patients subjected to lobotomy during the years 1947–1958 were identified. From these, a sample of 105 patients was selected for the purpose of obtaining detailed data on socio-economic status, diagnosis, symptomatology, other psychiatric treatments applied before the pre-frontal lobotomy operation, time spent in hospital before operation, praxis of consent and mortality. The diagnosis of schizophrenia was found in 84% of the 771 lobotomized patients. The post-operative mortality was 7.4% (57 deaths), with the highest rate in 1949 (17%). The mean age of the patient at the time of operation was 44.8 years for females and 39.5 years for male patients. The average length of pre-operative time in hospital for females was 10.7 years and for males 3.5 years. It remains unclear why this mental hospital conducted the lobotomy operation to such a comparatively great extent. Factors such as overcrowding of wards and its status as a modern mental hospital may have contributed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2007. Vol. 61, no 5, 355-362 p.
Gender differences, Indications for lobotomy, Mortality, Prefrontal lobotomy, Schizophrenia
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2237DOI: 10.1080/08039480701643498ISI: 000250808700007PubMedID: 17990197OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-2237DiVA: diva2:140144
Included in manuscript form in the thesis "The surgical offensives against mental disorder: psychosurgery in Sweden 1944-1958" with the former title "Prefrontal lobotomy in the rural State Mental Hospital of Umedalen - a survey of patients operated on 1947 - 1958"2007-04-132007-04-132014-06-03Bibliographically approved