Determination of thermodynamic properties of Na2S using solid-state EMF measurements
2007 (English)In: Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, ISSN 0021-9614, E-ISSN 1096-3626, Vol. 39, no 1, 44-48 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To obtain reliable thermodynamic data for Na2S(s), solid-state EMF measurements of the cell Pd(s)|O2(g)|Na2S(s), Na2SO4(s)|YSZ| Fe(s), FeO(s)|O2(g)ref| Pd(s) were carried out in the temperature range 870 < T/K < 1000 with yttria stabilized zirconia as the solid electrolyte. The measured EMF values were fitted according to the equation Efit/V (±0.00047) = 0.63650 − 0.00584732(T/K) + 0.00073190(T/K) ln (T/K). From the experimental results and the available literature data on Na2SO4(s), the equilibrium constant of formation for Na2S(s) was determined to be lg Kf(Na2S(s)) (±0.05) = 216.28 − 4750(T/K)−1 − 28.28878 ln (T/K). Gibbs energy of formation for Na2S(s) was obtained as ΔfG(Na2S(s))/(kJ · mol−1) (±1.0) = 90.9 − 4.1407(T/K) + 0.5415849(T/K) ln (T/K). By applying third law analysis of the experimental data, the standard enthalpy of formation of Na2S(s) was evaluated to be ΔfH(Na2S(s), 298.15 K)/(kJ · mol−1) (±1.0) = −369.0. Using the literature data for Cp and the calculated ΔfH, the standard entropy was evaluated to S(Na2S(s), 298.15 K)/(J · mol−1 · K−1) (±2.0) = 97.0.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2007. Vol. 39, no 1, 44-48 p.
sodium sulfide; EMF, hermochemical data
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2410DOI: 10.1016/j.jct.2006.06.003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-2410DiVA: diva2:140390