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Expectations and experiences of career counselling: an exploration of interpersonal behaviour
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Psychology.
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall purpose of this thesis is to describe and analyse interpersonal behaviour in career counselling sessions. The importance of the relationship in counselling for the outcome of sessions has been acknowledged in earlier research. How the actual interaction process between client and career counsellor looks like has been sparsely investigated. The present research explores expected, experienced behaviours and self-image of 15 adolescent clients’ and counsellors’ dyads in career counselling. The research was guided by interpersonal theory and the model of structural analysis of social behaviour (SASB) developed by Lorna Smith Benjamin. The research focuses on four different aspect of interpersonal behaviour. First, the significance of different behaviours by the clients and the career counsellors related to session evaluation. Second, the significance of expected and experienced similarity in perceptions of self and other behaviours related to session evaluation. Third, differences of perceived behaviours and possible influence by self-image over the course of sessions and fourth, comparing the influence of positive and negative self-image to expected and experienced behaviours, perceived important events during session and session evaluation session by clients’. Results indicate the importance for clients to become close to the career counsellor in session, while the career counsellors’ encouragement of clients’ independency during sessions showed to be of less importance for the clients’. This pattern imply a difficult balance act for career counsellors between providing a safe and close relationship and promoting independence and exploration for the clients. Further, it was found that career counsellors had difficulties in identifying their own contributions to a positive session evaluation, indicating a problem for the career counsellors’ to make conscious adjustments of behaviours. The degree to which client and career counsellor agreed of their behaviours only mattered for experiences of the career counsellors’ behaviour when related to their evaluation of session. Only minor tendencies of influence by the career counsellors’ self-image of clients’ perceived differences in behaviours were found. Self-image played a significant role in how the clients’ expected and experienced behaviours, perceived important events in session and in their session evaluation. Clients’ with positive self-image showed consistently more positive perceptions on each of the involved variables.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Psykologi , 2007. , 80 p.
Keyword [en]
career counselling, interpersonal behaviour, SASB, self-image, expectations, experiences, client behaviour, career counsellor behaviour
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-1155ISBN: 978-91-7264-325-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-1155DiVA: diva2:140410
Public defence
2007-06-07, S213h, Samhällsvetarhuset, Umeå, 13:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-05-23 Created: 2007-05-23Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Interpersonal behaviour in counseling:: Client and counselor expectations and experiences related to their evaluation of session.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interpersonal behaviour in counseling:: Client and counselor expectations and experiences related to their evaluation of session.
2005 In: International Journal for the advancement of counselling, ISSN 0165-0653, Vol. 27, no 1, 57-69 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2422 (URN)
Available from: 2007-05-23 Created: 2007-05-23Bibliographically approved
2. Similarity of interpersonal behaviour in career counselling
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Similarity of interpersonal behaviour in career counselling
2005 In: International journal for educational and vocational guidance, ISSN 0251-2513, Vol. 5, no 1, 37-55 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2423 (URN)
Available from: 2007-05-23 Created: 2007-05-23Bibliographically approved
3. Career counselling: a pilot study of self-image and perception of behaviour
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Career counselling: a pilot study of self-image and perception of behaviour
Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2424 (URN)
Available from: 2007-05-23 Created: 2007-05-23Bibliographically approved
4. Does self-image matter? Client´s self image, behaviour and evaluation of career counselling session: an exploratory study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does self-image matter? Client´s self image, behaviour and evaluation of career counselling session: an exploratory study
Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2425 (URN)
Available from: 2007-05-23 Created: 2007-05-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf