umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Regional and structural factors in Swedish regional growth during the 1990s
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
2006 (English)In: CyberGeo: European Journal of Geography, ISSN 1278-3366, E-ISSN 1278-3366, no 356, 1-26 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on the Swedish Standard Industrial Classification and individual longitudinal data, by using the shift-share analysis method, Swedish regional employment growth during the 1990s has been decomposed into two components—growth due to an endogenous regional factor and growth due to an exogenous structural factor. The regional factor is more important in shaping regional growth than the structural factor as indicated by employment, although the two factors both have a positive relation to regional growth. The structural factor creates a macro milieu for a region and the regional factor generates a micro milieu for industries inside the region. The response of core regions to the economic downturn and recovery in Sweden in the period studied is stronger than that of periphery regions. The findings from this study support endogenous growth theories and core-periphery theory.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Paris, France: Gâeographie citâes , 2006. no 356, 1-26 p.
Keyword [en]
Shift-share analysis, region, structure, Sweden
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2564OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-2564DiVA: diva2:140755
Available from: 2007-09-20 Created: 2007-09-20 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Firms and people in place: driving forces for regional growth
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Firms and people in place: driving forces for regional growth
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of the thesis is to quantitatively study the driving forces and mechanisms for regional growth from an endogenous and exogenous perspective and reveal the most important factors contributing to regional growth, by focusing on three aspects: local labour market, the supply side and the demand side of the labour market. The thesis is designed to use Swedish micro register data to develop spatial models with higher spatial resolution. It was found that endogenous factors are important and probably explain about at least one third of total regional economic growth. Among the endogenous factors, localised demographic composition, labour force and labour market, firms, and business environment have the strongest influence on regional economic growth. The findings from the Swedish context were briefly compared to China’s economic growth in the last fifty years.

The thesis consists of three related papers. The first paper studied the endogenous and exogenous factors in 108 Swedish LA regions during the 1990s. By using the SNI92 code, individual longitudinal data and an improved shift-share analysis method, it was found that the endogenous factor is important for regional economic growth because it is able to accelerate, decelerate or reverse the impact from exogenous factors during the period studied.

The second paper studied regional growth from the supply side of the labour market by focusing on population redistribution and place attractiveness. A ‘floating grid’ approach was developed to understand the factors shaping place attractiveness. The approach disregards administration zones by focusing on a small spatial unit—vicinity which is one kilometre square. Each unit has a unique set of surrounding zones that are local area and hinterland. By constructing spatial models, the total explained variance in place attractiveness was decomposed into partial explanatory effects that are assigned for physical attraction, demographic, service and labour market factors over the spatial scales. The finding is that the spatial scale of vicinity and demographic factors contribute most to place attractiveness.

The third paper studied regional growth from the demand side of the labour market by focusing on workplace and its economic performance. The ‘floating grid’ approach was once more applied while the basic analysis unit is a constructed workplace that holds working-square, local area and hinterland as surrounding zones. The economic performance of the workplace was attributed to external demand, local demand, business environment and labour force factors over different spatial scales. A method was developed to quantitatively identify intervals of partial explanatory effects that are components of the total explained variance. It was found that working-square and labour force factors contribute most to workplace economic performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Kulturgeografi, 2007. 160 p.
Series
GERUM, ISSN 1402-5205 ; 1402-5205
Keyword
regional growth, endogenous factors, place attractiveness, population redistribution, vicinity, workplace, local area, hinterland, spatial model, Sweden
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-1360 (URN)978-91-975696-6-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-10-12, N350, Naturvetarhuset, Umeå University, 10:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-09-20 Created: 2007-09-20 Last updated: 2012-06-15Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Artikel i fulltext
By organisation
Department of Social and Economic Geography
In the same journal
CyberGeo: European Journal of Geography
Social and Economic Geography

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 144 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf