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Firms and people in place: driving forces for regional growth
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of the thesis is to quantitatively study the driving forces and mechanisms for regional growth from an endogenous and exogenous perspective and reveal the most important factors contributing to regional growth, by focusing on three aspects: local labour market, the supply side and the demand side of the labour market. The thesis is designed to use Swedish micro register data to develop spatial models with higher spatial resolution. It was found that endogenous factors are important and probably explain about at least one third of total regional economic growth. Among the endogenous factors, localised demographic composition, labour force and labour market, firms, and business environment have the strongest influence on regional economic growth. The findings from the Swedish context were briefly compared to China’s economic growth in the last fifty years.

The thesis consists of three related papers. The first paper studied the endogenous and exogenous factors in 108 Swedish LA regions during the 1990s. By using the SNI92 code, individual longitudinal data and an improved shift-share analysis method, it was found that the endogenous factor is important for regional economic growth because it is able to accelerate, decelerate or reverse the impact from exogenous factors during the period studied.

The second paper studied regional growth from the supply side of the labour market by focusing on population redistribution and place attractiveness. A ‘floating grid’ approach was developed to understand the factors shaping place attractiveness. The approach disregards administration zones by focusing on a small spatial unit—vicinity which is one kilometre square. Each unit has a unique set of surrounding zones that are local area and hinterland. By constructing spatial models, the total explained variance in place attractiveness was decomposed into partial explanatory effects that are assigned for physical attraction, demographic, service and labour market factors over the spatial scales. The finding is that the spatial scale of vicinity and demographic factors contribute most to place attractiveness.

The third paper studied regional growth from the demand side of the labour market by focusing on workplace and its economic performance. The ‘floating grid’ approach was once more applied while the basic analysis unit is a constructed workplace that holds working-square, local area and hinterland as surrounding zones. The economic performance of the workplace was attributed to external demand, local demand, business environment and labour force factors over different spatial scales. A method was developed to quantitatively identify intervals of partial explanatory effects that are components of the total explained variance. It was found that working-square and labour force factors contribute most to workplace economic performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Kulturgeografi , 2007. , 160 p.
Series
GERUM, ISSN 1402-5205 ; 1402-5205
Keyword [en]
regional growth, endogenous factors, place attractiveness, population redistribution, vicinity, workplace, local area, hinterland, spatial model, Sweden
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-1360ISBN: 978-91-975696-6-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-1360DiVA: diva2:140758
Public defence
2007-10-12, N350, Naturvetarhuset, Umeå University, 10:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-09-20 Created: 2007-09-20 Last updated: 2012-06-15Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Regional and structural factors in Swedish regional growth during the 1990s
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regional and structural factors in Swedish regional growth during the 1990s
2006 (English)In: CyberGeo: European Journal of Geography, ISSN 1278-3366, no 356, 1-26 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on the Swedish Standard Industrial Classification and individual longitudinal data, by using the shift-share analysis method, Swedish regional employment growth during the 1990s has been decomposed into two components—growth due to an endogenous regional factor and growth due to an exogenous structural factor. The regional factor is more important in shaping regional growth than the structural factor as indicated by employment, although the two factors both have a positive relation to regional growth. The structural factor creates a macro milieu for a region and the regional factor generates a micro milieu for industries inside the region. The response of core regions to the economic downturn and recovery in Sweden in the period studied is stronger than that of periphery regions. The findings from this study support endogenous growth theories and core-periphery theory.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Paris, France: Gâeographie citâes, 2006
Keyword
Shift-share analysis, region, structure, Sweden
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2564 (URN)
Available from: 2007-09-20 Created: 2007-09-20 Last updated: 2011-06-22Bibliographically approved
2. Attractive vicinities
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Attractive vicinities
2009 (English)In: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 15, 1-18 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the significance of spatial and socioeconomic factors in determining place attractiveness, and it suggests an explorative method for the analysis of detailed patterns of spatial attractiveness. By departing from a simple spatial model that distinguishes between different hinterlands at varying distances from the individuals’ immediate neighbourhood, we analyse the relative importance of demographic, labour-market, service as well as physical factors for income levels and in-migration rates. Based on a longitudinal spatially referenced microdatabase covering over 100 annual attributes per individual and digital land-use information for the entire territory, vicinity characteristics were calculated for every populated square kilometre (108,000 squares). Regression, a partial F test and h2 were used to decompose explained variation in attractiveness into indicators classified insocioeconomic categories and spatial ranges. The findings indicate a  considerable variation across the spatial scale. For example, the characteristics of the vicinity (km2) seem to have a much larger influence on variation inplace attractiveness than the characteristics of the hinterland (within 5 to 50 km). Moreover, place attractiveness seems to be determined to a very small extent by physical factors in the immediate vicinity. Demographic andsocioeconomic factors appear to be the main determinants of place attractiveness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2009
Keyword
place attractiveness, vicinity, local area, hinterland, Sweden
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-19676 (URN)10.1002/psp.505 (DOI)
Available from: 2009-03-09 Created: 2009-03-09 Last updated: 2017-12-13
3. Localised conditions for economic growth: testing the endogenous growth hypothesis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Localised conditions for economic growth: testing the endogenous growth hypothesis
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2566 (URN)
Available from: 2007-09-20 Created: 2007-09-20 Last updated: 2017-02-01Bibliographically approved

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