Studies of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway in mammalian ovarian follicle activation and development
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The intra-oocyte signaling pathways that control oocyte growth and early follicular development are largely unknown. The aim of this thesis was to investigate the regulation and functions of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) pathway in the oocyte, focusing in the roles of Foxo3a, p27, and Pten (phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten). The physiological significance of Foxo3a in oocytes had been investigated by generating a transgenic mouse, whereby constitutively active Foxo3a is maintained in oocytes using the oocyte-specific ZP3 (Zona pellucida) promoter. The expression of the constantly active “negative” molecule Foxo3a in mouse oocytes was found to cause retardation of oocyte growth, resulting in a significant reduction in oocyte volume in secondary follicles. The transgenic mice also showed arrested follicular development and were infertile. In addition, when Foxo3a was overexpressed in oocytes of primary follicles, oocyte growth and follicular development were retarded. One of the causes of this phenotype may be the retained expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) inhibitor 1B (Cdkn1b), commonly known as p27kip1 or p27, in the nuclei of oocytes. The role and related mechanisms of p27 in controlling early follicular development and oocyte growth were then investigated using wild-type and p27-deficient (p27-/-) mice, and we demonstrated that (i) p27 suppresses follicle endowment/formation and activation, (ii) p27 induces follicle atresia that occurs prior to sexual maturity, and (iii) the overactivated follicles in p27-/- ovaries are depleted in early adulthood, causing premature ovarian failure (POF). In this thesis, we also provide genetic evidence that in mice with conditional deletion of Pten a major negative regulator of PI3K in oocytes, the entire pool of primordial follicles becomes activated, and subsequently all activated follicles are depleted in young adulthood, causing POF. Further mechanistic studies revealed that loss of Pten in oocytes resulted in elevated Akt signaling, which led to upregulation of both expression and activation of ribosomal protein S6 (rpS6) in oocytes. The results thus show that the mammalian oocyte serves as the headquarters of programming of the occurrence of follicle activation, and that the PI3K pathway of the oocyte governs follicle activation through control of initiation of oocyte growth.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Medicinsk kemi och biofysik , 2007. , 47 p.
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 1117
oocyte, follicular development, P13K pathway
Research subject Medical Biochemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-1378ISBN: 978-91-7264-385-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-1378DiVA: diva2:140811
2007-10-19, KB3A9, KBC huset, Umeå university, Umeå, 13:00 (English)
Stavreus-Evers, Anneli, Dr
Liu, Kui, Assistant Proffessor
List of papers