Cl− concentration changes and desensitization of GABAA and glycine receptors
2011 (English)In: The Journal of General Physiology, ISSN 0022-1295, Vol. 138, no 6, 609-626 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Desensitization of ligand-gated ion channels plays a critical role for the information transfer between neurons. The current view on γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)A and glycine receptors includes significant rapid components of desensitization as well as cross-desensitization between the two receptor types. Here, we analyze the mechanism of apparent cross-desensitization between native GABAA and glycine receptors in rat central neurons and quantify to what extent the current decay in the presence of ligand is a result of desensitization versus changes in intracellular Cl− concentration ([Cl−]i). We show that apparent cross-desensitization of currents evoked by GABA and by glycine is caused by changes in [Cl−]i. We also show that changes in [Cl−]i are critical for the decay of current in the presence of either GABA or glycine, whereas changes in conductance often play a minor role only. Thus, the currents decayed significantly quicker than the conductances, which decayed with time constants of several seconds and in some cells did not decay below the value at peak current during 20-s agonist application. By taking the cytosolic volume into account and numerically computing the membrane currents and expected changes in [Cl−]i, we provide a theoretical framework for the observed effects. Modeling diffusional exchange of Cl− between cytosol and patch pipettes, we also show that considerable changes in [Cl−]i may be expected and cause rapidly decaying current components in conventional whole cell or outside-out patch recordings. The findings imply that a reevaluation of the desensitization properties of GABAA and glycine receptors is needed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 138, no 6, 609-626 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2614DOI: 10.1085/jgp.201110674OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-2614DiVA: diva2:140827