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Interpersonal complementarity - self-rated behaviour by normal and antisocial adolescents with a liked and a disliked peer
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2007 (English)In: Interpersona: An International Journal on Personal Relationships, ISSN 1981-6472, Vol. 1, no 2, 99-116 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The principle of complementarity in interpersonal theory and the SASB model (Structural Analysis of Social Behavior) as developed by Benjamin (1974) were used to study how adolescents in a normal group of 60 adolescents and a group of 42 adolescents with severe behavioural problems rated that they usually behaved in relation to a liked and disliked peer. The peer’s behaviour varied in a systematic way on the dimensions of affiliation and dominance. Complementary behavior was defined as the same behaviour from peer and self and anticomplementarity was defined as opposite behaviour from self in relation the peer’s behavior. Consistent over the two groups complementarity and anticomplementarity were influenced by both the peer’s behaviour and type of relationship with the peer. Friendly behaviour from a liked peer evoked much more complementary friendly behaviour compared to a disliked peer who with the same behaviour evoked almost as much anticomplementary hostile behaviour as complementary friendly behaviour. Hostile behaviour from a disliked peer evoked much more complementary hostile behaviour compared to a liked peer with the same kind of behavior. Autonomy granting from a liked peer evoked more complementary autonomous behaviour compared to a disliked peer. Differences between the two groups were small and only in relation with a disliked peer. The results were discussed in terms of interpersonal theory and the principle of complementarity with focus on kind of relationship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Vitória, ES: International Center for Interpersonal Relationship Research , 2007. Vol. 1, no 2, 99-116 p.
Keyword [en]
adolescents, interpersonal behavior, peer relationship
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2849OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-2849DiVA: diva2:141155
Available from: 2007-12-21 Created: 2007-12-21 Last updated: 2011-04-20Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Perceived interpersonal relations in adolescents
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceived interpersonal relations in adolescents
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The general objective of this thesis was to examine aspects of adolescents perceived interpersonal relations, in view of the association between adolescents’ interpersonal problems and self-concepts, and considering influential factors such as behavioural problems, depression, perceptions of parental rearing styles, type of relationships and sex. All of the studies examined participants from the four-year longitudinal research project in Umeå, which was designed to investigate the psychic health and social context of adolescents with psychological and antisocial problems (Armelius & Hägglöf, 1998), except for the normal adolescents in study I, who took part in a project with purpose to determine norms for an intake interview that is used for adolescents in different settings in Sweden. Study I addressed the impact of type of relationship on adolescents interpersonal behaviour, and the results were discussed in terms of interpersonal theory and the complementarity principle. Study II investigated the association between self-concept and interpersonal problems in normal adolescents. Different interpersonal problems were systematically related to three self-concept patterns, and showed the importance of considering the combination of self-love and self-autonomy to understand interpersonal problems in adolescents. In study III the associations between self-concept, and interpersonal problems were investigated, also considering depression as a factor, in a group of adolescents with conduct problems. This study revealed sex differences: boys’ interpersonal problems mainly were associated with self-control, an imbalance between self control and autonomy, and depression, whereas girls’ interpersonal problems mainly were associated with low self-love and depression. Study IV examined the relationship between memories of perceived parenting styles and interpersonal problems. Also in this study, sex differences were shown. It was found that for boys the perceived parenting styles of the fathers had the strongest associations to interpersonal problems, and for girls the perceived parenting styles of the mothers had the strongest associations to interpersonal problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Psykologi, 2007
Keyword
adolescents, interpersonal relations, interpersonal problems, self-concept, parental rearing styles, conduct disorder, depression
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-1469 (URN)978-91-7264-486-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-01-15, NBVH1031, Norra Beteendevetarhuset, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 10:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-12-21 Created: 2007-12-21Bibliographically approved

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