Tilted cosmological models of Bianchi type V
2006 (English)In: Physical Review D. Particles and fields, ISSN 0556-2821, Vol. 73, no 4, 044008-044019 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cosmological models of Bianchi types Vand I containing a perfect fluid with a linear equation of state plus cosmological constant are investigated. In general, these spacetimes are tilted and describe fluids with expansion, shear, and vorticity. We use a tetrad approach where our variables are the Riemann tensor, the Ricci rotation coefficients, and a subset of the tetrad vector components. This set, called S, describes a spacetime when its elements are constrained by certain integrability conditions and due to a theorem by Cartan S gives a complete local description of the spacetime. With the help of the Lie algebra, the full line element is constructed up to quadratures in terms of the elements in S. The system obtained by imposing the integrability conditions and Einstein’s equations on the elements in S can be reduced to an integrable system of five coupled first order ordinary differential equations. In general, exact solutions to this system are hard to find, but the linearized equations around the open Friedmann models are easily integrated. The full system is also studied numerically and the perturbative solutions agree well with the numerical ones in the appropriate domains. We also give some examples of numerical solutions in the nonperturbative regime.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 73, no 4, 044008-044019 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2891DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.73.044008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-2891DiVA: diva2:141217