Driving from the center to the periphery?: The diffusion of private cars in Sweden, 1960-1975
2010 (English)In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, Vol. 31, no 2, 164-181 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The diffusion of private cars in Sweden has not yet been examined in a national long-run perspective covering all individuals. This article enquires whether the diffusion of private cars followed the overall socioeconomic and geographical changes in Sweden from 1960 to 1975. In particular, it asks if ownership per capita followed changes in incomes or changes in population density (urbanisation). In the 1960s Swedish traffic and regional policy aimed at making the car an instrument of national integration and regional equality, and making it available throughout the country. This article tracks the effects of that policy. The analysis is based on Swedish parish-scale census material that includes all car owners for the years 1960, 1970 and 1975. The conclusion is that income levels were more important than other explanations for the diffusion of private cars in Sweden between 1960 and 1975. National policy goals regarding cars as means of regional integration and equalisation were not fulfilled up to 1975.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2010. Vol. 31, no 2, 164-181 p.
car ownership, car diffusion, transport policy, economic history, Sweden
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2924DOI: 10.7227/TJTH.31.2.4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-2924DiVA: diva2:141281