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Bilism för regional utjämning?: Studier av privatbilismens geografiska och socioekonomiska spridningsmönster 1950-2000
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
2008 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This licentiate thesis, with the English title Automobility towards Regional Equality? Studies of the geographical and socioeconomic diffusion of the private automobility in Sweden 1950-2000, has the overall aim to investigate the interaction between the private automobility and the Swedish socio-economical development in general. Firstly, the diffusion of private car ownership in Sweden is mapped both geographically and economically at the national level covering all citizens above the age of 18. Secondly, a comparison with the Norwegian diffusion pattern shows how automobility has interacted with two partly different national contexts. This aim will be dealt with in two articles.

Since the diffusion of private cars in Sweden has not yet been examined in a long run and national perspective covering all individuals, the first article, Driving from the Centre to the Periphery? The Diffusion of Private Cars in Sweden 1950-2000 with focus on 1960-1975, investigates how the diffusion of private cars followed the over all socio-economic and geographical changes from 1960 to 1975; did changes in car ownership per capita primarily follow changes in incomes or changes in population density (urbanisation)? Swedish traffic and regional policies in the 1960s aimed at making the car an instrument for national integration and regional equality, and make it available throughout the country. In the article the effect of that policy is tested. The analysis is based on Swedish census material that includes all car owners for the years 1960, 1970 and 1975. Our conclusion is that income levels were more important than other explanations to the diffusion of private cars in Sweden between 1960 and 1975.

Since Norwegian private car density has lagged behind the Swedish and did not reach the same national levels until the late 1980s, despite the same GDP per capita levels, the second article, Two Sides of the same Coin? Private Car Ownership in Sweden and Norway since 1950, compares car diffusion in Norway and Sweden in both historical time and model time in order to find specific explanations for the national and regional patterns of car diffusion. Can both the time lag and the diffusion process be explained with national differences in income, institutions, infrastructure, and population settlements? Or have regional differences in income and population density affected the outcome? Our conclusion is that car diffusion in Norway and Sweden displays two sides of same coin; the national levels converged, but the process did not follow the same regional pattern. Regional differences in income and population density have in general been a significant explanation for car density in Sweden but not in Norway.

Thus, the licentiate thesis shows how private car ownership in Sweden from the 1950s has interacted with increasing regional equality, especially concerning geographical diffusion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Institutionen för ekonomisk historia, Umeå universitet , 2008. , 107 p.
Series
Occasional Papers in Economic History, ISSN 1653-7475 ; no. 14, 2008
Keyword [en]
Automobility, Car ownership, Diffusion, Economic history, Norway, Sweden
National Category
Economic History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-1517OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-1517DiVA: diva2:141283
Presentation
(English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
På omslaget år 2007.Available from: 2008-01-30 Created: 2008-01-30 Last updated: 2011-04-13Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Driving from the center to the periphery?: The diffusion of private cars in Sweden, 1960-1975
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Driving from the center to the periphery?: The diffusion of private cars in Sweden, 1960-1975
2010 (English)In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 31, no 2, 164-181 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The diffusion of private cars in Sweden has not yet been examined in a national long-run perspective covering all individuals. This article enquires whether the diffusion of private cars followed the overall socioeconomic and geographical changes in Sweden from 1960 to 1975. In particular, it asks if ownership per capita followed changes in incomes or changes in population density (urbanisation). In the 1960s Swedish traffic and regional policy aimed at making the car an instrument of national integration and regional equality, and making it available throughout the country. This article tracks the effects of that policy. The analysis is based on Swedish parish-scale census material that includes all car owners for the years 1960, 1970 and 1975. The conclusion is that income levels were more important than other explanations for the diffusion of private cars in Sweden between 1960 and 1975. National policy goals regarding cars as means of regional integration and equalisation were not fulfilled up to 1975.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2010
Keyword
car ownership, car diffusion, transport policy, economic history, Sweden
National Category
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2924 (URN)10.7227/TJTH.31.2.4 (DOI)
Available from: 2008-01-30 Created: 2008-01-30 Last updated: 2017-12-14
2. Two Sides of the same Coin?: Private car ownership in Sweden and Norway since 1950
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Two Sides of the same Coin?: Private car ownership in Sweden and Norway since 1950
2009 (English)In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 57, no 2, 172-190 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Norwegian private car density has lagged behind the Swedish and did not reach same national levels until the late 1980s, despite the same GDP per capita levels. Can both the time lag and the diffusion process be explained with national differences in income, institutions, infrastructure and population settlements? Or have regional differences in income and population density affected the outcome? The aim of this article is to compare car diffusion in Norway and Sweden in order to find explanations for the national and regional patterns of car diffusion. The conclusion is that car diffusion in Norway and Sweden displays two sides of same coin; the national levels converged, but the process did not follow the same regional pattern. Regional differences in income and population density have in general been a significant explanation for car density in Sweden, but not in Norway.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2009
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2925 (URN)10.1080/03585520902819584 (DOI)
Available from: 2008-01-30 Created: 2008-01-30 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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