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Classical Swine Fever in a Cuban Zone Intended for Eradication: Spatiotemporal Clustering and Risk Factors
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health. National Center for Animal and Plant Health (CENSA), OIE Collaborating Center for Reduction of the Risk of Disasters in Animal Health, Carretera de Jamaica y Autopista Nacional, San José de las Lajas, Cuba.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0253-5928
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2020 (English)In: Frontiers in Veterinary Science, ISSN 2297-1769, Vol. 7, article id 38Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Classical Swine Fever (CSF) is an endemic disease in Cuba, and an eradication strategy by zones is planned by the Official Veterinary Service. The aim of this study was to identify high-risk areas of CSF and the risk factors associated with the disease occurrence in the Pinar del Rio province, one of the prioritized areas in the eradication strategy. The outbreak occurrence at district level was analyzed through a 7-year period (2009 to 2015). A high-risk cluster (RR = 5.13, 95% CI 3.49-7.56) was detected during the last 2 years of the study period in the eastern half of the province, with 38 out of 97 districts included. The rate of CSF-affected holdings had a significant increase during 2014-2015 and seems to have occurred mainly in the high-risk cluster area. Swine population density by district (heads/km(2)) and road length (km) by district were associated with the disease outbreak occurrence. These results provide new insights into the knowledge of the epidemiology of the disease in Cuban endemic conditions and can contribute to improving the control and the eradication strategy in this situation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2020. Vol. 7, article id 38
Keywords [en]
classical swine fever, endemic, Cuba, outbreak, cluster, risk factors
National Category
Clinical Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-168895DOI: 10.3389/fvets.2020.00038ISI: 000515890900001PubMedID: 32118061OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-168895DiVA, id: diva2:1415211
Available from: 2020-03-17 Created: 2020-03-17 Last updated: 2020-03-17Bibliographically approved

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Fonseca Rodriguez, Osvaldo

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