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Workplace stress measured by Job Stress Survey and relationships to musculoskeletal complaints
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The main purpose of this thesis was to evaluate and test the Job Stress Survey (JSS, Spielberger, 1991; Spielberger & Vagg, 1999), a self-report instrument which assesses workplace stress. In the thesis a thorough evaluation is made of JSS scales and items, and the relations to health, particularly musculoskeletal complaints. The aim of Study I was to evaluate the factor structure and the psychometric properties of a Swedish version of the JSS. The instrument was distributed to medical service personal and metal industry workers (n=1186). Factor analyses demonstrated a good resemblance between the present version and the American original version. The results also showed that the internal consistencies, as well as the test-retest reliabilities of the scales are high, and the concurrent validity are good. Study II examined work-related stress measured by JSS for the subgroups of gender, industry workers and medical service personnel, and special attention was given to the problem of differential item functioning (DIF) on these subgroups. The main findings were that both gender and occupation has a substantial impact on specific sources of work-related stress assessed by JSS scales and individual items. The result of the DIF analyses showed no item bias in the gender subgroup, but for the occupational subgroups there where items showing DIF in two of the scales. These items do not jeopardize the conclusions made on scale level since the number of items showing DIF are too few to make an impact on the overall result on the different scales. In Study III the relation between self-reported stress and health, particularly musculoskeletal problems were examined longitudinally in two metal industry factories. Results showed high levels of stress and musculoskeletal complaints in these factories and significant and strong relationships between the JSS scales and musculoskeletal, as well as psychosocial ratings. Lack of Organizational Support was found to be more related to musculoskeletal pain than Job Pressure. Longitudinal differences were found between the factories and between different types of musculoskeletal complaints. The general conclusions from the studies are that the present version of JSS shows a good resemblance with the American original, and that JSS is a useful instrument for studying relationships between stress and health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Psykologi , 2008. , 70 p.
Keyword [en]
Job stress, Job Stress Survey, work-related stress, musculoskeletal complaints, metal industry, differential item functioning, medical service, longitudinal.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-1615ISBN: 978-91-7264-550-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-1615DiVA: diva2:141562
Public defence
2008-05-09, Bt 102, Beteendevetarhuset, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-04-17 Created: 2008-04-17Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Evaluation of a Swedish version of the Job Stress Survey
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of a Swedish version of the Job Stress Survey
2008 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 49, no 3, 277-286 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study assesses and evaluates the psychometric properties of a Swedish version of the Job Stress Survey (JSS; Spielberger, 1991; Spielberger & Vagg, 1999). This instrument is constructed to measure generic sources of occupational stress encountered by employees in a wide variety of work settings, settings that often result in psychological strain. The JSS was administered to metal assembly industry workers and medical service personnel in northern Sweden (n= 1186). The exploratory factor analysis showed that there is a high similarity between the present Swedish version and the original American version. Internal reliabilities of the scales, as well as test-retest reliabilities were shown to be high, and concurrent validity, as examined by comparisons with the Perceived Stress Questionnaire Index ( Levenstein et al., 1993 ) was found to be satisfactory. The consistency of these findings is discussed with particular focus on groups of employees, gender, and cross-cultural evaluations.

Keyword
Job stress, Job Stress Survey, factor analysis, metal and assembly industry, medical service
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-10594 (URN)10.1111/j.1467-9450.2008.00639.x (DOI)
Available from: 2008-10-06 Created: 2008-10-06 Last updated: 2011-09-19Bibliographically approved
2. Gender, occupation, and item bias: job stress assessed by job stress survey
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender, occupation, and item bias: job stress assessed by job stress survey
(English)Manuscript (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3097 (URN)
Available from: 2008-04-17 Created: 2008-04-17 Last updated: 2013-03-27
3. Work-related stress and musculoskeletal problems in metal industry: A longitudinal study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Work-related stress and musculoskeletal problems in metal industry: A longitudinal study
(English)Manuscript (Other academic)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3098 (URN)
Available from: 2008-04-17 Created: 2008-04-17 Last updated: 2011-01-25Bibliographically approved

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Holmström, Stefan

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf