Exoenzyme S shows selective ADP-ribosylation and GTPase-activating protein (GAP) activities towards small GTPases in vivo
2002 (English)In: Biochemical Journal, ISSN 0264-6021, E-ISSN 1470-8728, Vol. 367, no 3, 617-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Intracellular targeting of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa toxins exoenzyme S (ExoS) and exoenzyme T (ExoT) initially results in disruption of the actin microfilament structure of eukaryotic cells. ExoS and ExoT are bifunctional cytotoxins, with N-terminal GTPase-activating protein (GAP) and C-terminal ADP-ribosyltransferase activities. We show that ExoS can modify multiple GTPases of the Ras superfamily in vivo. In contrast, ExoT shows no ADP-ribosylation activity towards any of the GTPases tested in vivo. We further examined ExoS targets in vivo and observed that ExoS modulates the activity of several of these small GTP-binding proteins, such as Ras, Rap1, Rap2, Ral, Rac1, RhoA and Cdc42. We suggest that ExoS is the major ADP-ribosyltransferase protein modulating small GTPase function encoded by P. aeruginosa. Furthermore, we show that the GAP activity of ExoS abrogates the activation of RhoA, Cdc42 and Rap1.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 367, no 3, 617-28 p.
bacterial toxin, cytotoxicity, cystic fibrosis, GTP-binding protein, Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3311DOI: 10.1042/BJ20020714OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-3311DiVA: diva2:141907