Effects of sulfur on PCDD/F formation under stable and transient combustion conditions during MSW incineration
2009 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 76, no 6, 767-773 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
SO2 levels in the flue gas from a laboratory-scale fluidized bed reactor combusting artificial municipal solid waste (MSW) were varied (resulting in four different SO2:HCl ratios 0, 0.2, 0.7 and 2.7 (by mass)) to study the effects of sulfur on the formation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and polychlorinated dibenzothiophenes (PCDTs). Sampling was performed simultaneously at three fixed points in the post-combustion zone with temperatures of 400, 300 and 200 °C, under normal combustion conditions and both during and after transient combustion conditions. The findings indicate that sulfur has a greater inhibitory effect on PCDF formation than on PCDD formation and that the PCDD/PCDF ratio in the flue gas depends on both the SO2:HCl ratio in the flue gas and memory effects arising from transient combustion conditions. The results also indicate that the relative importance of different pathways shifts in the post-combustion zone; condensation products increasing with reductions in temperature and increases in residence time. However, these changes appear to depend on the SO2:HCl ratio in the flue gas and combustion conditions. Sulfur seems to inhibit the chlorination of PCDFs. A tendency for increased SO2 levels in the flue gas to increase levels of PCDTs was also detected, but the increases were much less significant than the reductions in PCDF levels.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2009. Vol. 76, no 6, 767-773 p.
PCDD/F, PCDT, Waste incineration, SO2
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3338DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.04.065OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-3338DiVA: diva2:141995