First forty-eight hours of developing otitis media: An experimental study
2003 (English)In: Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, ISSN 0003-4894, Vol. 112, no 6, 558-566 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The early inflammatory changes in the tympanic membrane were explored in 2 rat models. Acute otitis media was induced by instillation of Streptococcus pneumoniae type 3 into the middle ear cavity, and otitis media with effusion was induced by blockage of the eustachian tube. Otomicroscopic examination was performed before the rats were painlessly sacrificed at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, or 48 hours after initiation of the otitis media conditions. The tympanic membrane was studied by light and electron microscopy. Both acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion caused early inflammatory changes of the tympanic membrane, and the pars flaccida was the portion that reacted first. The inflammatory alterations were most pronounced in the acute otitis media model. The course of inflammation showed a bimodal pattern with an early deposition of a filamentous material with a band pattern, typical of fibrin. Despite a fluid-filled middle ear cavity, the inflammatory changes in the otitis media with effusion model were moderate, as was consistent with the clinical appearance of the tympanic membrane.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 112, no 6, 558-566 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3348PubMedID: 12834127OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-3348DiVA: diva2:142010