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Impact of a postcrash first aid educational program on knowledge, perceived skills confidence, and skills utilization among traffic police officers: a single-arm before-after intervention study
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1074-0729
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2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: BMC Emergency Medicine, ISSN 1471-227X, E-ISSN 1471-227X, Vol. 20, artikel-id 21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: An overwhelming proportion of road traffic deaths and injuries in low- and middle-income countries(LMICs) occur in prehospital environments. Lay first responders such as police officers play an important role inproviding initial assistance to victims of road traffic injuries either alone or in collaboration with others. The presentstudy evaluated a postcrash first aid (PFA) educational program developed for police officers in Tanzania.

Method: A 16-h PFA educational program was conducted in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, for 135 police officers. Participantscompleted training surveys before, immediately and 6months after the training (before, N = 135; immediately after, N=135;after 6 months, N=102). The primary outcome measures were PFA knowledge, perceived skills confidence, and skillsutilization. Parametric and nonparametric tests were used to analyse changes in outcome.

Results: The mean PFA knowledge score increased from 44.73% before training (SD = 20.70) to 72.92% 6months aftertraining (SD = 18.12), p < .001, N = 102. The mean PFA perceived skills confidence score (measured on a 1–5 Likert scale)increased from 1.96 before training (SD = 0.74) to 3.78 6months after training (SD=0.70), p < .001, N = 102. Followingtraining, application of the recovery position skill (n = 42, 46%) and application of the bleeding control skill (n = 45, 49%) werereported by nearly half of the responding officers. Less than a quarter of officers reported applying head and neckimmobilization skills (n = 20, 22%) following training.

Conclusion: A PFA educational program has shown to improve police officers’ knowledge and perceived skills confidenceon provision of first aid. However qualitative research need to be conducted to shed more light regarding reasons for lowutilization of trained first aid skills during follow-up.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
BioMed Central, 2020. Vol. 20, artikel-id 21
Nyckelord [en]
Traffic police, Postcrash, First aid education, Road injuries
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-169413DOI: 10.1186/s12873-020-00317-yOAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-169413DiVA, id: diva2:1421047
Tillgänglig från: 2020-04-01 Skapad: 2020-04-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-05-14Bibliografiskt granskad

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Bölenius, KarinSaveman, Britt-IngerBackteman-Erlandson, Susanne

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