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A study of obstacles and opportunities for students’ educational careers in Brazil
Umeå University, Faculty of Teacher Education, Mathematics, Technology and Science Education.
Umeå University, Faculty of Teacher Education, Mathematics, Technology and Science Education.
2008 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med detta arbete är att undersöka lärares och elevers uppfattningar och erfarenheter av utbildningsproblem och utbildningsmöjligheter i Brasilien. Studien har fokuserat på att hitta karaktärsdrag i utbildningssystemet och kontextuella faktorer som påverkar möjligheterna till individuell utbildningsframgång. Det är en beskrivande kvalitativ studie som grundar sig på semistrukturerade intervjuer, observationer och analyser av utbildningsdokument. Studien kompletteras också med författarnas egna erfarenheter i landet. Arbetets teoretiska ramverk består av teori av jämlika möjligheter (equal opportunity theory). Studien visar att etnisk bakgrund och kontextuella faktorer såsom familjeekonomi, kulturella traditioner och social tillhörighet har stor påverkan över utbildningsmöjligheterna i Brasilien. De intervjuade upplever att reformerna i utbildningssystemet i Brasilien skapar nya möjligheter för underprivilegierade elever för vidare studier. Men det finns fortfarande bristande resurser för att skapa lika och rättvis utbildning för rika och fattiga, svarta och vita, för studenter från stora städer och landsbygden.

Abstract [en]

The purpose this descriptive study was examining teachers’ perceptions and students’ experienced problems and opportunities of educational career in Brazil. The study is focused on finding the characteristics of educational system and the contextual factors influencing possibilities of individual educational progress. The conceptual tools of the theory of equal opportunity constitute a theoretical base for this study. The theoretical concepts such as objectives, circumstances, policy and effort were the most important. The results show that ethnicity and contextual factors such as economical conditions, culture, traditions, and organisational framework have large impact on educational opportunities. The conclusion is that national educational initiatives create possibilities for individualisation, social and economic inclusion of the students who were previously deprived opportunities do pursue educational career over primary level. However, there is also a lack of resources (economic and human) to create equal and fair education for rich and poor, black and whites, for students from big cities and remote areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Matematik, teknik och naturvetenskap , 2008. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
Brazilian education, educational opportunities, individualisation, social inclusion
Keyword [sv]
individualisering, utbildning i Brasilien, utbildningsmöjligheter, underprivilegierade elever
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-1832OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-1832DiVA: diva2:142147
Available from: 2008-09-18 Created: 2008-09-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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