Odor identification impairment in carriers of ApoE-ε4 is independent of clinical dementia
2010 (English)In: Neurobiology of Aging, ISSN 0197-4580, E-ISSN 1558-1497, Vol. 31, no 4, 567-577 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The ApoE gene is expressed in olfactory brain structures and is believed to play a role in neuronal regenerative processes as well as in development of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia. The ε4 allele has been reported to be associated with compromised odor identification ability in the elderly, and this deficit has been interpreted as a sign of pre-diagnostic AD. However, because it has not been demonstrated that the relationship between the ε4 allele and odor identification is mediated by dementia, it is possible that the ε4 allele may have an effect on odor identification over and above any effects of dementia. The present study investigated effects of ApoE-status on odor identification in a large, population-based sample (n = 1236) of adults (45–80 years), who were assessed for dementia at time of testing and 5 years later. The results showed that the ε4 allele was associated with an odor identification deficit among elderly participants (75–80). Critically, this effect remained after current and pre-diagnostic dementia, vocabulary, global cognitive status and health variables were partialled out. The present results suggest that the ApoE gene plays a role in olfactory functioning that is independent of dementia conversion within 5 years.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2010. Vol. 31, no 4, 567-577 p.
ApoE, odor identification, olfaction, aging, Alzheimer's disease
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3450DOI: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2008.05.019ISI: 000276759700005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-3450DiVA: diva2:142151