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Perception of early mother and father behavior in adolescence.: A study of age and gender differences in groups of normal and antisocial adolescents
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2003 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study examined age and gender differences in the perceptions of early mother and father behavior in a group of normal adolescents. Two hundred and seventy-seven boys and girls (aged 12–18 years) completed EMBU (My memories of Upbringing), a questionnaire measuring perceptions of parental rearing behaviors, and questionnaires based on the Structural Analysis of Social behavior (SASB) model. A group of 30antisocial adolescents of similar age was included as a comparison group.The results show that the normal adolescents’ perception of earlyparental behavior is positive with no age or gender differences. The earlybehavior of the mother was perceived more positively than that of thefather. A more negative perception of early parental behaviors was foundin the antisocial adolescent group and especially in the group of antisocial girls. The results of EMBU were consistent with those of SASB with perceptions of more negative parental behavior of rejection and overprotection in the group of antisocial adolescents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Department of Psychology, Umeå university , 2003. no No. 4, 18 p.18- p.
Series
Umeå psychology reports, ISSN 1650-8653 ; 4
Keyword [en]
Early parental behavior, adolescence, normal, antisocial, SASB, EMBU.
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3457OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-3457DiVA: diva2:142163
Distributor:
Institutionen för psykologi, 90187, Umeå
Available from: 2004-01-30 Created: 2004-01-30 Last updated: 2011-01-25Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Self-concept, inner residue of past relationships and current social functioning.: A study of age and gender differences in normal and antisocial adolescents.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-concept, inner residue of past relationships and current social functioning.: A study of age and gender differences in normal and antisocial adolescents.
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis presents several studies of normative development in adolescence, focusing specifically on internalized perceptions of parents’ early behavior and how these perceptions affect the self-concept and social functioning during. Questions of possible age and gender differences in relation to perceptions of self-concept and early parental behavior are addressed. The patterns found in a normal adolescent group are compared with those in a group of adolescents with antisocial problems. Two hundred seventy-seven normal adolescents aged 12 to18 and 30 adolescents with antisocial problems aged 13-19 were investigated. The following self-administered instruments were used: self-concept assessments, the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (SASB) introject questionnaire, perception of early parental behavior assessment, the SASB mother/father questionnaires, and the EMBU (A Swedish acronym for “own memories of upbringing”). The Youth Self Report checklist (YSR) was used to assess internalizing and externalizing problems.

Studies I and II showed that the normal adolescent self-concept and perception of early parental behavior were positive and that there were no age or gender differences. The antisocial group of adolescents, and particularly the antisocial girls, showed a more autonomous and negative self-concept and more negative perceptions of early parental behaviors.

Study III showed that a positive self-concept was related to a positive perception of parent’s early behavior.

Study IV showed that an adolescent’s positive self-concept was influenced by a mix of mother acting positively and father acting with control. Adolescent self-control was indirectly influenced by parental control behavior mediated through self-affiliation.

Study V showed that a positive self-concept was important for adjustment. A negative self-concept combined with female gender was a risk factor for internalizing problems. Self-control had only a small effect on social adjustment in adolescence. The relationship between a negative self-concept and externalizing problem behavior was stronger for adolescents aged 15 to 16 than for younger or older adolescents. Internalizing problem behavior influenced externalizing problems.

The results presented in this thesis support a modified “storm-and-stress” view of adolescence and highlight the importance of promoting a positive self-concept in every adolescent in various psychosocial contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2004. 194 p.
Keyword
Psychology, Self-concept, early parental behavior, adolescence, normal, antisocial, SASB, EMBU, YSR, DICA-R, path-analysis, Psykologi
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-184 (URN)91-7305-595-6 (ISBN)
Distributor:
Psykologi, 90187, Umeå
Public defence
2004-02-13, BT 102, Beteendevetarhuset, Institutionen för psykologi, Umeå universitet, 901 87, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-01-30 Created: 2004-01-30 Last updated: 2009-08-17Bibliographically approved

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