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Self-concept and perception of early mother and father behavior in normal and antisocial adolescents
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2004 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 45, no 5, 437-447 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines the self-concept and perceptions of early parental behavior in a group of 277 normal adolescents with respect to differences in age (12–18 years) and gender. A group of 30 antisocial adolescents of similar age (13–19 years) were included as a comparison group. The study was a cross-sectional questionnaire study and the Swedish translation of the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (SASB) introject and mother/father questionnaires were used as measures of self- and parental concepts. Multivariate analyses of variance show that the normal adolescent self-concept and perception of early parental behavior are positive and that there are no age or gender differences. The early behavior of the mother is perceived more positively than that of the father. A positive self-concept is related to a positive perception of the parent's early behavior. The antisocial group of adolescents shows a more autonomous and negative self-concept and more negative perception of early parental behaviors. This was true especially in the group of antisocial girls. The conclusion from the study is that there is no evidence of a chaotic self-concept or tumultuous changes in the perceptions of early parental behavior during normal adolescence, but that an antisocial way of life might be reflected in a more negative and autonomous self-concept and in more negative perceptions of early parental behavior during adolescence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley Interscience , 2004. Vol. 45, no 5, 437-447 p.
Keyword [en]
self-concept, early parental behavior, adolescence, normal, antisocial, SASB
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3458DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2004.00425.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-3458DiVA: diva2:142164
Available from: 2004-01-30 Created: 2004-01-30 Last updated: 2011-06-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Self-concept, inner residue of past relationships and current social functioning.: A study of age and gender differences in normal and antisocial adolescents.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-concept, inner residue of past relationships and current social functioning.: A study of age and gender differences in normal and antisocial adolescents.
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis presents several studies of normative development in adolescence, focusing specifically on internalized perceptions of parents’ early behavior and how these perceptions affect the self-concept and social functioning during. Questions of possible age and gender differences in relation to perceptions of self-concept and early parental behavior are addressed. The patterns found in a normal adolescent group are compared with those in a group of adolescents with antisocial problems. Two hundred seventy-seven normal adolescents aged 12 to18 and 30 adolescents with antisocial problems aged 13-19 were investigated. The following self-administered instruments were used: self-concept assessments, the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (SASB) introject questionnaire, perception of early parental behavior assessment, the SASB mother/father questionnaires, and the EMBU (A Swedish acronym for “own memories of upbringing”). The Youth Self Report checklist (YSR) was used to assess internalizing and externalizing problems.

Studies I and II showed that the normal adolescent self-concept and perception of early parental behavior were positive and that there were no age or gender differences. The antisocial group of adolescents, and particularly the antisocial girls, showed a more autonomous and negative self-concept and more negative perceptions of early parental behaviors.

Study III showed that a positive self-concept was related to a positive perception of parent’s early behavior.

Study IV showed that an adolescent’s positive self-concept was influenced by a mix of mother acting positively and father acting with control. Adolescent self-control was indirectly influenced by parental control behavior mediated through self-affiliation.

Study V showed that a positive self-concept was important for adjustment. A negative self-concept combined with female gender was a risk factor for internalizing problems. Self-control had only a small effect on social adjustment in adolescence. The relationship between a negative self-concept and externalizing problem behavior was stronger for adolescents aged 15 to 16 than for younger or older adolescents. Internalizing problem behavior influenced externalizing problems.

The results presented in this thesis support a modified “storm-and-stress” view of adolescence and highlight the importance of promoting a positive self-concept in every adolescent in various psychosocial contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2004. 194 p.
Keyword
Psychology, Self-concept, early parental behavior, adolescence, normal, antisocial, SASB, EMBU, YSR, DICA-R, path-analysis, Psykologi
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-184 (URN)91-7305-595-6 (ISBN)
Distributor:
Psykologi, 90187, Umeå
Public defence
2004-02-13, BT 102, Beteendevetarhuset, Institutionen för psykologi, Umeå universitet, 901 87, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-01-30 Created: 2004-01-30 Last updated: 2009-08-17Bibliographically approved

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Östgård-Ybrandt, Helene

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