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Self-concept, inner residue of past relationships and current social functioning.: A study of age and gender differences in normal and antisocial adolescents.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis presents several studies of normative development in adolescence, focusing specifically on internalized perceptions of parents’ early behavior and how these perceptions affect the self-concept and social functioning during. Questions of possible age and gender differences in relation to perceptions of self-concept and early parental behavior are addressed. The patterns found in a normal adolescent group are compared with those in a group of adolescents with antisocial problems. Two hundred seventy-seven normal adolescents aged 12 to18 and 30 adolescents with antisocial problems aged 13-19 were investigated. The following self-administered instruments were used: self-concept assessments, the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (SASB) introject questionnaire, perception of early parental behavior assessment, the SASB mother/father questionnaires, and the EMBU (A Swedish acronym for “own memories of upbringing”). The Youth Self Report checklist (YSR) was used to assess internalizing and externalizing problems.

Studies I and II showed that the normal adolescent self-concept and perception of early parental behavior were positive and that there were no age or gender differences. The antisocial group of adolescents, and particularly the antisocial girls, showed a more autonomous and negative self-concept and more negative perceptions of early parental behaviors.

Study III showed that a positive self-concept was related to a positive perception of parent’s early behavior.

Study IV showed that an adolescent’s positive self-concept was influenced by a mix of mother acting positively and father acting with control. Adolescent self-control was indirectly influenced by parental control behavior mediated through self-affiliation.

Study V showed that a positive self-concept was important for adjustment. A negative self-concept combined with female gender was a risk factor for internalizing problems. Self-control had only a small effect on social adjustment in adolescence. The relationship between a negative self-concept and externalizing problem behavior was stronger for adolescents aged 15 to 16 than for younger or older adolescents. Internalizing problem behavior influenced externalizing problems.

The results presented in this thesis support a modified “storm-and-stress” view of adolescence and highlight the importance of promoting a positive self-concept in every adolescent in various psychosocial contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2004. , 194 p.
Keyword [en]
Psychology, Self-concept, early parental behavior, adolescence, normal, antisocial, SASB, EMBU, YSR, DICA-R, path-analysis
Keyword [sv]
Psykologi
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-184ISBN: 91-7305-595-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-184DiVA: diva2:142167
Distributor:
Psykologi, 90187, Umeå
Public defence
2004-02-13, BT 102, Beteendevetarhuset, Institutionen för psykologi, Umeå universitet, 901 87, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-01-30 Created: 2004-01-30 Last updated: 2009-08-17Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Self-concept in adolescence.: A study of age and gender differences in groups of normal and antisocial adolescents
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-concept in adolescence.: A study of age and gender differences in groups of normal and antisocial adolescents
2003 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study examines the self-concept in a group of 277 normaladolescents with respect to differences in age (12-18 years) and genderand the interaction between age and gender. As a comparison, 27antisocial adolescents of similar age participated in the study. Theadolescents completed a questionnaire based on the SASB-model. Theresults showed that the normal adolescent self-concept is positive andthat there are no age or gender differences. A more autonomous andmore negative self-concept is found in the antisocial group ofadolescents. The antisocial girls seem to show more self-hate than allother groups. The conclusion from the study is that there is no evidenceof a chaotic self-concept during normal adolescence, but that anantisocial way of life might be reflected in a more negative and autonomous self-concept during adolescence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Department of Psychology, Umeå university, 2003. 17 p.
Series
Umeå psychology reports, ISSN 1650-8653 ; 3
Keyword
Self-concept, normal, antisocial, adolescence, gender, SASB
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3456 (URN)
Distributor:
Institutionen för psykologi, 90187, Umeå
Available from: 2004-01-30 Created: 2004-01-30 Last updated: 2011-06-08Bibliographically approved
2. Perception of early mother and father behavior in adolescence.: A study of age and gender differences in groups of normal and antisocial adolescents
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perception of early mother and father behavior in adolescence.: A study of age and gender differences in groups of normal and antisocial adolescents
2003 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study examined age and gender differences in the perceptions of early mother and father behavior in a group of normal adolescents. Two hundred and seventy-seven boys and girls (aged 12–18 years) completed EMBU (My memories of Upbringing), a questionnaire measuring perceptions of parental rearing behaviors, and questionnaires based on the Structural Analysis of Social behavior (SASB) model. A group of 30antisocial adolescents of similar age was included as a comparison group.The results show that the normal adolescents’ perception of earlyparental behavior is positive with no age or gender differences. The earlybehavior of the mother was perceived more positively than that of thefather. A more negative perception of early parental behaviors was foundin the antisocial adolescent group and especially in the group of antisocial girls. The results of EMBU were consistent with those of SASB with perceptions of more negative parental behavior of rejection and overprotection in the group of antisocial adolescents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Department of Psychology, Umeå university, 2003. 18 p.
Series
Umeå psychology reports, ISSN 1650-8653 ; 4
Keyword
Early parental behavior, adolescence, normal, antisocial, SASB, EMBU.
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3457 (URN)
Distributor:
Institutionen för psykologi, 90187, Umeå
Available from: 2004-01-30 Created: 2004-01-30 Last updated: 2011-01-25Bibliographically approved
3. Self-concept and perception of early mother and father behavior in normal and antisocial adolescents
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-concept and perception of early mother and father behavior in normal and antisocial adolescents
2004 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 45, no 5, 437-447 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines the self-concept and perceptions of early parental behavior in a group of 277 normal adolescents with respect to differences in age (12–18 years) and gender. A group of 30 antisocial adolescents of similar age (13–19 years) were included as a comparison group. The study was a cross-sectional questionnaire study and the Swedish translation of the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (SASB) introject and mother/father questionnaires were used as measures of self- and parental concepts. Multivariate analyses of variance show that the normal adolescent self-concept and perception of early parental behavior are positive and that there are no age or gender differences. The early behavior of the mother is perceived more positively than that of the father. A positive self-concept is related to a positive perception of the parent's early behavior. The antisocial group of adolescents shows a more autonomous and negative self-concept and more negative perception of early parental behaviors. This was true especially in the group of antisocial girls. The conclusion from the study is that there is no evidence of a chaotic self-concept or tumultuous changes in the perceptions of early parental behavior during normal adolescence, but that an antisocial way of life might be reflected in a more negative and autonomous self-concept and in more negative perceptions of early parental behavior during adolescence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley Interscience, 2004
Keyword
self-concept, early parental behavior, adolescence, normal, antisocial, SASB
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3458 (URN)10.1111/j.1467-9450.2004.00425.x (DOI)
Available from: 2004-01-30 Created: 2004-01-30 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
4. The relation between self-concept and concepts of early parental behavior for adolescents
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The relation between self-concept and concepts of early parental behavior for adolescents
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3459 (URN)
Available from: 2004-01-30 Created: 2004-01-30 Last updated: 2012-11-16Bibliographically approved
5. The relation between self-concept and social functioning in adolescence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The relation between self-concept and social functioning in adolescence
2008 (English)In: Journal of Adolescence, ISSN 0140-1971, E-ISSN 1095-9254, Vol. 31, no 1, 1-16 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

A model of the relation between self-concept and internalizing and externalizing problem behaviours in adolescence, with the self-concept influencing problem behaviours (S→IE), was assessed using a sample of 277 Swedish adolescents. The model was tested in a path analysis with data from Youth Self Report (YSR) and Structural Analysis of Social Behaviour (SASB) questionnaires. Consistent with the model, a positive self-concept was found to be the most important factor for adjustment and for protection against common problem behaviour. A negative self-concept combined with female gender were risk factors for internalized problems. Self-control had only a direct effect on externalizing behaviour for boys. Adolescents of 15, 16 years of age had a stronger relationship between a negative self-concept and externalizing problem behaviour than younger and older adolescents. Internalizing problem behaviours such as anxiety and depression predicted aggressive and delinquent behaviour. These findings highlight the importance of promoting of a positive self-concept in every adolescent in various psychosocial contexts.

Keyword
Adolescence, Normal, Self-concept, Social functioning, Externalizing, Internalizing, SASB, YSR
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3460 (URN)10.1016/j.adolescence.2007.03.004 (DOI)17467050 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2004-01-30 Created: 2004-01-30 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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