umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Gender Regimes, Family Policies and Attitudes to Female Employment: A Comparison of Germany, Italy and Sweden
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2003 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
Genusregimer, familjepolitik och attityder till kvinnors förvärvsarbete : En jämförelse av Tyskland, Italien och Sverige (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

In this study, attitudes towards female employment and the division of labour between men and women in Germany, Italy and Sweden are explored. Using a quantitative approach, the first objective is to examine how political ideologies and welfare political models are reflected in or accompany attitudes towards female labour market participation among different groups in the three welfare states. Welfare policies significantly influence women’s choices to enter and remain in employment and to achieve individual social rights. Based on a more qualitative approach, the second aim is to study policy dynamics in relation to changing value orientations, and to track the emergence of alternative policies and their intended target groups. For this purpose local political implementers in each country were interviewed.

The overall conclusion is that that the ways in which certain patterns of gender relations occur are closely related to the designs of national welfare policies. Still, within the groups of women and men factors such as age, educational attainment levels and family status are important or even decisive for attitudes towards female labour market participation. In addition, the extent to which attitudes correspond to actual female labour market behaviour seems largely to be a matter of public policy. While all three studies point at important national differences in welfare policies at the same time as patterns of value orientations converge, especially among women, the comparison of local policy levels reveals important withincountry variations. These variations concern the quantity as well as the quality of policy measures, that is, the political implications for gender on socio-economic situation, alternative political majority and historical and cultural heritage. Variations in local policy formulations are large in Italy and less pronounced in Germany and Sweden, and they illustrate the different political emphasis placed on the preservation, modification or transformation of what is defined as gender equality and as local or national cultural traditions. Local social and labour market policies depict quite different approaches. The degree of state control versus local autonomy is relevant for the outcome of local social policies on gender and both national and local policy formulations are important in determining whether the normative emphasis should be placed on the maintenance, reinforcement or alteration of gender relations. While such choices and decisions also include the acceptance or rejection of national, and even local differences in definitions of citizenship rights, they point at the inherent relativity of the concept and as a result, its gendering effects on social, economic and political equality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2003. , 50 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 1104-2508 ; 31
Keyword [en]
Sociology, gender regimes, welfare state, employment, care, citizenship, local policies
Keyword [sv]
Sociologi
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-185ISBN: 91-7305-382-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-185DiVA: diva2:142190
Public defence
2003-02-28, Hörsal E, Humanisthuset, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-01-30 Created: 2004-01-30 Last updated: 2014-01-23Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Should mothers work?: Age and attitudes in Germany, Italy and Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Should mothers work?: Age and attitudes in Germany, Italy and Sweden
1999 In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, Vol. 8, no 193-205, 12- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3470 (URN)
Available from: 2004-01-30 Created: 2004-01-30Bibliographically approved
2. Gender attitudes towards female employment in Germany, Italy, and Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender attitudes towards female employment in Germany, Italy, and Sweden
2000 In: Families and Family Policies in Europe (Pfenning, Astrid and Bahle, Thomas (eds)): Comparative Perspectives, 2000, 359- p.Chapter in book (Other academic) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3471 (URN)3-631-37078-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2004-01-30 Created: 2004-01-30Bibliographically approved
3. National policies, local policies and women’s right to work
Open this publication in new window or tab >>National policies, local policies and women’s right to work
2002 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2002. 127 p.
Series
Umeå studies in sociology, ISSN 1100-3553 ; 118
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-203 (URN)
Available from: 2004-03-03 Created: 2004-03-03 Last updated: 2014-01-23Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(348 kB)4911 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 348 kBChecksum SHA-1
94d475134e27605ea358e566dce2a287c73d50f46dafec9852d08652530b775b74edd789
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Sundström, Eva
By organisation
Department of Sociology
Sociology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 4911 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 2346 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf