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Home alone: sibling caretakers in León, Nicaragua
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8052-479X
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Sibling caretaking, although common across time and cultures, has not been well researched from the carer’s point of view. In Nicaragua, ranked as one of the poorest countries in the Americas, sibling caretaking is common. The country’s historical background and its state of chronic poverty, widespread unemployment, loose family structures, and migration and mobility makes of the old practise of shared management child care a necessity. Households headed by sing¬le mothers constitute a particular Nica¬raguan charact¬eristic. Many children are expected to help in their own families and care for their siblings and other children living in their households. In its broadest sense sibling caretaking is a public health concern, and we conducted this study to widen the understanding of the phenomenon as it is represented in a setting undergoing a rapid social transition.

The main objectives were to identify, describe and analyse the life situation of sibling caretakers in poor areas in León, Nicaragua, with focus on how they perceived it themselves. A combined qualitative and quantitative methodological design was used, mainly applying an ethnographic approach. A further ambition was to explore involvement of children in a participatory research process in accordance with the ‘Convention on the Rights of the Child’.

The overall emotion expressed among the caretakers was pride, even if their situation often was characterized by stress and coping problems. They perceived their work as important for their families and they appreciated to fend for their siblings. Household work and nurturing of siblings were shaping the future lives of the caretakers and constituted part of their socialization.

Even if many of these children achieve essential life skills as caretakers, they are at risk of falling behind as they grow older. Their long-term personal development is likely to be hampered by the obligations they have as caretakers. The carers' awareness of missing out on education was the most problematic issue for them.

From a societal point of view, caretaking has negative consequences. The individual child is marginalised with limited access to basic education, contributing to overall low educational levels in Nicaragua.

While the structuring conditions leading to sibling caretaking may be difficult to change, awareness of how these can affect children might make way for improvements in terms of access to school education and support from the society. The knowledge gained from this study should be further utilised to plan for interventions that take children’s perspectives into consideration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Folkhälsa och klinisk medicin , 2008. , 62 p.
Series
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 1210
Keyword [en]
sibling caretakers, life skills, school absenteeism, ethnographic approach, children’s participation, children’s rights, developing country, Nicaragua
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-1877ISBN: 978-91-7264-645-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-1877DiVA: diva2:142280
Public defence
2008-10-24, 260 (Röntgen), 9A, Norrlands universitetssjukhus, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-10-10 Created: 2008-10-10 Last updated: 2015-04-29Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Home alone: children as caretakers in León, Nicaragua
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Home alone: children as caretakers in León, Nicaragua
2009 (English)In: Children and society, ISSN 0951-0605, Vol. 23, no 1, 43-56 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article seeks to explore and understand the life situations of sibling caretakers in poor areas in León, Nicaragua. The every day lives for caretakers were studied through observations and interviews with children, informants and parents. The children themselves were satisfied and proud to be trusted as caretakers and felt useful in contributing to their families' livelihood. However, in a life course perspective the caretaking role implies a narrowing of life options. Early on they seem to acquire essential life skills but as they grow older many are at risk of falling behind due to their marginalised situation and lack of basic education.

Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3529 (URN)10.1111/j.1099-0860.2008.00141.x (DOI)
Available from: 2008-10-10 Created: 2008-10-10 Last updated: 2015-04-29Bibliographically approved
2. “Everyone should help in their own house, because if they don’t, who will?”: sibling caretakers’ experiences in León, Nicaragua
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“Everyone should help in their own house, because if they don’t, who will?”: sibling caretakers’ experiences in León, Nicaragua
Manuscript (Other academic)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3530 (URN)
Available from: 2008-10-10 Created: 2008-10-10 Last updated: 2010-01-13Bibliographically approved
3. Estrella: a gifted narrative
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Estrella: a gifted narrative
2009 (English)In: Childhoods Today, ISSN 1753-0849, E-ISSN 1753-0849, Vol. 3, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper analyses a short written account by a young Nicaraguan girl who narrates an experience she had while taking care of her small niece. She describes a turning point in her life, and narrative analysis was applied to interpret the meaning of her story. The importance and implications of becoming a mother are the key elements in her narrative. Her contribution was part of a larger study on sibling caretaking conducted in León, Nicaragua, in which multiple tools were used for exploration and analysis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Sheffield, 2009
Keyword
sibling caretaker, Nicaragua, narrative analysis, motherhood
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3531 (URN)
Available from: 2008-10-10 Created: 2008-10-10 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
4. 'Mind the gap': schooling gaps among children in León, Nicaragua
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'Mind the gap': schooling gaps among children in León, Nicaragua
Show others...
Manuscript (Other academic)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3532 (URN)
Available from: 2008-10-10 Created: 2008-10-10 Last updated: 2010-01-13Bibliographically approved

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