Energy intake during economic crisis depends on initial wealth and access to rice fields: the case of pregnant Indonesian women
2002 (English)In: Health Policy, ISSN 0168-8510, Vol. 61, no 1, 57-71 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Starting in August 1997, Indonesia experienced a radical and rapid deterioration in its economy. Between 1996 and 1998, dietary intake during the second trimester was measured in 450 pregnant women in Purworejo, Central Java, Indonesia. Using six 24 h recalls we describe the consequences of the economic crisis on the energy intake of pregnant Indonesian women. Depending on the date of data collection, women were grouped into 'before crisis', 'transition' and 'during crisis'. Mean energy intake among groups was compared using ANOVA and Student's t-test. All groups of pregnant women already had a mean energy intake before the emerging crisis that was lower than the Indonesian recommended dietary allowances (RDA). Nevertheless, energy intake differed significantly among women with different education levels (P = 0.00) and from different socio-economic groups (P = 0.00). 'During transition', a significant decrease in energy intake was experienced by urban poor women (P = 0.01). Poor women with access to rice fields had a higher rice consumption than other groups throughout the period. Our results most likely reflect the effect of higher rice price on income and welfare. 'During crisis', energy intake improved among vulnerable groups, perhaps reflecting government intervention.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 61, no 1, 57-71 p.
Energy intake, Economic crisis, Initial wealth, Pregnancy, Indonesia
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3790DOI: 10.1016/S0168-8510(01)00210-XPubMedID: 12173497OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-3790DiVA: diva2:142663