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Factors Shaping Process and Representation in Multiple-Cue Judgment
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis investigates the cognitive processes and representations underlying human judgment in a multiple-cue judgment task. Several recent models as-sume that people have several qualitatively distinct and competing levels of knowledge representations (Ashby, Alfonso-Reese, Turken, & Waldron, 1998; Erickson & Kruschke, 1998; Nosofsky, Palmeri, & McKinley, 1994; Sloman, 1996). The most successful cognitive models in categorization and multiple-cue judgment are, respectively, exemplar-based models and cue abstraction models. The models are different in the computations and processes implied, but the structure of the task is similar. Study 1 investigated if the different theoretical conclusions in categorization and multiple-cue judgment derive from genuine differences in the processes, or are accidental to the different research methods. In Study 2, we expected learning in dyads to promote explicit cue abstraction as a consequence of verbalization (a social abstraction effect) and performance to improve due to the larger joint exemplar knowledge base (an exemplar pooling effect). In Study 3 we used the generalized model Sigma to illustrate how change in task environments (linear vs. nonlinear) can shape the knowledge representation that is used. We expected that people are not able to use cue ab-straction when judging objects with a non-linear structure between the visual cues (features) of the objects and the criterion, and therefore they are forced to use exemplar-based processes. Taken together, the results of these studies indicate that differences that characterize typical categorization and multiple-cue judgment tasks are conducive of qualitatively different cognitive processes, and that the task environment plays an important role for which cognitive processes are used in multiple cue judgments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Institutionen för Psykologi , 2004. , 47 p.
Keyword [en]
Psychology, Multiple-Cue Judgment, categorization, cognitive processes, knowl-edge representations, exemplar-based models, cue abstraction models
Keyword [sv]
Psykologi
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-264ISBN: 91-7305-673-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-264DiVA: diva2:142868
Distributor:
Psykologi, 90187, Umeå
Public defence
2004-05-28, bt102, Beteendevetarhuset, Umeå universitet, Inst. för Psykologi, SE-90187, umeå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-05-06 Created: 2004-05-06 Last updated: 2009-08-11Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Exemplar effects in categorization and multiple-cue judgment.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exemplar effects in categorization and multiple-cue judgment.
2003 (English)In: Journal of experimental psychology. General, ISSN 0096-3445, Vol. 1, no 132, 133-156 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3948 (URN)10.1037/0096-3445.132.1.133 (DOI)
Available from: 2004-05-06 Created: 2004-05-06 Last updated: 2009-06-10Bibliographically approved
2. Individuals and dyads in a multiple-cue judgment task: Cognitive processes and performance
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Individuals and dyads in a multiple-cue judgment task: Cognitive processes and performance
2006 (English)In: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, ISSN 0022-1031, Vol. 42, no 1, 40-56 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Virtually all studies of multiple-cue judgment focus on the learning by individuals. In a multiple-cue judgment task the authors examined if people acquire rule or exemplar knowledge as a function of learning the task alone or in dyads. Learning in dyads was expected to promote explicit rule-based thinking as a consequence of verbalization (social abstraction effect) and to improve performance due to the larger joint exemplar knowledge base (exemplar pooling effect). In two experiments the results suggest more accurate judgment by dyads, evidence for an exemplar pooling effect, but no evidence for the social abstraction effect. In contrast to most previous research, social interaction proved beneficial and allowed the dyads to surpass their combined individual performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2006
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3949 (URN)10.1016/j.jesp.2005.01.004 (DOI)
Note
Titeln har ändrats vid publicering. Förut: Individual and dyadic learning in a multiple-cue judgment task.Available from: 2004-05-06 Created: 2004-05-06 Last updated: 2009-08-11Bibliographically approved
3. Cue abstraction and exemplar memory in non-linear multiple-cue judgment tasks
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cue abstraction and exemplar memory in non-linear multiple-cue judgment tasks
(English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3950 (URN)
Available from: 2004-05-06 Created: 2004-05-06 Last updated: 2009-08-11Bibliographically approved

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