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The School as a Moral Arena: Constitutive values and deliberation in Swedish curriculum practice
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis’ main theme is the relation between school practices and the constitutive values explicitly endorsed in the Swedish national curriculum. It consists of four articles. Article I examines the new educational circumstances in a multicultural society. It problematizes the school’s task to find a balance between contributing to a certain cultural consensus, the common and shared, and to increase the ability to live with a cultural multiplicity. The article addresses the need for intercultural education for the realisation of a democratic classroom. Article II addresses the challenge for schools to advocate constitutive values in a multicultural society. It problematizes the relation between the curriculum’s values, stipulated at central level, and their interpretation and implementation at local level, i.e., in the class-room. An action-research project in a Swedish school illustrates the teachers’ struggle to realize these values in daily practice. The project resulted in the teachers move from abstract to concrete discussions of the constitutive values, as well as changes in their daily practice. Overall, the paper focuses on possibilities for deliberation in a multicultural school. Article III highlights schooling as a moral practice. It builds on a field study which investigates the relation between the curriculum’s stipulated values and the enacted curriculum. Episodes of moral steering are presented together with the teachers’ subsequent evaluation of these incidents. These episodes suggest that insofar as individual beliefs and moment-by-moment responses may lead to actions with counteract constitutive values, moral practices must also be a deliberative practice where alternatives are weighed and courses of action are adopted. Article IV develops the discussion concerning the school as a moral arena. A short lunch episode from the school study illustrates the discrepancy between the curriculum’s constitutive values and their realization in practice. The paper suggests that episodes at the margins of school practices may be just as important to the moral curriculum of school as the knowledge-related elements conventionally deemed to be the core of the curriculum. In summary, the thesis demonstrates that the assignment to foster the coming citizens in a multicultural school is complex. Other values than those stipulated in the curriculum steer teachers’ actions. Moreover, it is a thorny mission to accomplish an equal school in an unequal society. Nonetheless, there is a need for awareness among pedagogues concerning the correspondence between societal values, the hierarchy of social groups, individual values, the curriculum’s values, and the teacher’s assignment. The curriculum’s values have to be taken into account just as well as individual attitudes, prejudices and taken-for-granted notions have to be clarified, confronted, defended or abandoned. Interpreting, internalising and applying democratic values in school is a never-ending process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. , 27 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 0281-6768 ; 73
Keyword [en]
Education, Constitutive values, curriculum, moral, schooling, intercultural education, multicultural school
Keyword [sv]
Pedagogik
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-273ISBN: 91-7305-649-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-273DiVA: diva2:142908
Public defence
2004-06-04, Norra Beteendevetarhusets hörsal, Norra Beteendevetarhuset, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-05-10 Created: 2004-05-10 Last updated: 2010-02-19Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Intercultural education and teacher education in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intercultural education and teacher education in Sweden
2000 (English)In: Teaching and Teacher Education: An International Journal of Research and Studies, ISSN 0742-051X, Vol. 16, no 4, 511-519 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Swedish school is a meeting place for different cultures. Gender and class variations have been recognized for many years. More recently, ethnic, religious and linguistic diversity has also entered Swedish classrooms. This article examines these new educational circumstances in three parts. The first section defines some multicultural terms in Swedish context and briefly describes Sweden as a multicultural society. The second section discusses different pedagogical strategies in Swedish multicultural classrooms where cultural diversity problematizes traditional education. The final section addresses the need for an intercultural perspective in teacher education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2000
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3978 (URN)10.1016/S0742-051X(00)00008-1 (DOI)
Available from: 2004-05-10 Created: 2004-05-10 Last updated: 2012-06-25Bibliographically approved
2. The Constitutive Values of Swedish Schooling: A challenge to the inner life of schools
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Constitutive Values of Swedish Schooling: A challenge to the inner life of schools
2001 (English)In: Pedagogy, Culture & Society, ISSN 1468-1366, E-ISSN 1747-5104, Vol. 9, no 3, 371-386 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Schooling has always been a tool for transferring values to future generations. Despite social changes such as globalisation, information technology and the retreat of national capital, schools are still institutions where a civic identity is promoted. In a multicultural society, the challenge is to advocate constitutive values without excluding citizens. The Swedish curriculum identifies educational goods by emphasizing constitutive values such as democracy, solidarity and equality in accordance with ethics linked to Western Christian humanism. In addition, these values have to be interpreted and concretised in local contexts. This article examines these aspects of curriculum and the national question. It has three sections. It discusses constitutive values in Swedish schooling; it links deliberation to the localisation and concretisation of these national values, and it reflects on the implementation of these values in a Swedish school. Overall, the article focuses on possibilities for deliberative practice in a multicultural school.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2001
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3979 (URN)10.1080/14681360100200125 (DOI)
Available from: 2004-05-10 Created: 2004-05-10 Last updated: 2012-06-25Bibliographically approved
3. Constitutive values and daily practice in a Swedish school
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Constitutive values and daily practice in a Swedish school
2003 (English)In: Values and Ethics in Educational Administration, ISSN 1703-5759, Vol. 1, no 3, 1-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Schooling is always a moral practice. It takes place inspecific contexts where social regulation is justified byreference to ethical codes and their specific values.Teachers' work is constituted by these values. Teachers actmorally, steering practice in particular directions. The taskis, however, never simple. In a context where the curriculumprovides an ethical framework and schooling operateswithin a moral framework, there is a perpetual struggle toalign personal values, school practices and the constitutivevalues of the national curriculum. This paper focuses on thatstruggle. It builds on a field study which investigates therelationship between school practices and the constitutivevalues explicitly endorsed in the Swedish nationalcurriculum. Episodes of moral steering are presentedtogether with the teachers' subsequent evaluation of theseincidents. These episodes suggest that insofar as individualbeliefs and moment-by-moment responses may lead toactions which counteract constitutive values, moral practicemust also be a deliberative practice where alternatives areweighed and courses of action are adopted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Center for the Study of Leadership and Ethics of UCEA Department of Education Policy Studies The Pennsylvania State University, USA, 2003
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3980 (URN)
Available from: 2004-05-10 Created: 2004-05-10 Last updated: 2014-11-12Bibliographically approved
4. Morality at the Margins: a silent dimension of teaching and learning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Morality at the Margins: a silent dimension of teaching and learning
(English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3981 (URN)
Available from: 2004-05-10 Created: 2004-05-10 Last updated: 2014-11-12Bibliographically approved

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