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Do violent offenders with schizophrenia who attack family members differ from those with other victims?
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
2003 (English)In: International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, ISSN 1499-9013, Vol. 2, no 2, 195-200 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Do violent offenders with schizophrenia who attack family members differ from those with other victims?Data on individual background factors were collected on all male offenders of violent crimes who for theirfirst time were subject to forensic psychiatric evaluation in Sweden between 1992 and 2000 and were diagnosedwith schizophrenia. In addition to descriptive data for the whole sample, analyses were made in order toidentify possible characteristic factors for offenders who targeted family members. In comparison to offenderswith other victims, the findings indicate an earlier onset of mental illness, in terms of that they were morelikely to have interrupted their schooling at an earlier stage, were more likely to have had psychiatriccontacts in childhood, to be younger when first compulsorily admitted to psychiatric inpatient treatment,and they were also younger when they committed the index crime. The findings suggest the need to addressthe possibility of violent behavior within the family when managing patients with major mental disorders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 2, no 2, 195-200 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-4039OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-4039DiVA: diva2:142989
Available from: 2004-08-25 Created: 2004-08-25 Last updated: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Violent offenders with schizophrenia: quantitative and qualitative studies focusing on the family of origin
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Violent offenders with schizophrenia: quantitative and qualitative studies focusing on the family of origin
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The focus of the thesis is on violent offenders with schizophrenia and their relatives. The aims were to explore incidence of violent crimes, the extent to which family members were victims, to investigate individual background factors among violent offenders, and to identify psychotic symptoms and triggering factors associated with fatal violence. In addition, parents were interviewed to build an understanding of their experiences and emotional reactions.

One study examined all 369 male individuals who had committed a violent crime (assault, homicide or attempt to any of these crimes), who in a pre-trial forensic psychiatric evaluation (FPE) during 1992-2000 were diagnosed with schizophrenia, and who were referred to forensic psychiatric treatment. Although the majority of the 615 victims was unacquainted to the offenders, family members or male acquainted were most at risk of being severely injured or killed as victims.

Background factors were studied for the 207 Swedish offenders who for their first time were subjects of a FPE during the study period. There were indications that those offenders who targeted family members had an earlier onset and more severe course of their mental illness.

During the study period, 48 offenders committed homicides. Of the 52 victims, 83% were family members or acquainted to the offender. Those who killed a family member had more often delusions and/or hallucinations, were less often intoxicated, had to a lesser extent committed a previous violent crime and they were younger at the time of the homicide.

Parents, who were interviewed, were very emotionally involved in their adult sons, although they were not living together. Ignorance regarding the diagnosis of their son and his criminality negatively influenced the contacts, both between parent and son and between parent and professionals in psychiatry. However, the referral to forensic psychiatric treatment gave the parents hope for a positive development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Klinisk vetenskap, 2004. 58 p.
Series
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 904
Keyword
Psychiatry, schizophrenia, offenders, homicide, criminality, victim relations, family members, forensic psychiatry, Psykiatri
National Category
Psychiatry
Research subject
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-298 (URN)91-7305-692-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-09-17, Sal B, Tandläkarhögskolan, NUS, Umeå, 09:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-08-25 Created: 2004-08-25 Last updated: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved

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Nordström, AnnikaKullgren, Gunnar

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