Human hematopoietic (CD34+) stem cells possess high-affinity receptors for adenovirus type 11p
2004 (English)In: Virology, ISSN 0042-6822, E-ISSN 1096-0341, Vol. 328, no 2, 198-207 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Gene transfer into human hematopoietic stem cells using Ad5 is inefficient due to lack of the primary receptor CAR and the secondary receptors alphavbeta3 integrin and alphavbeta5 integrin, and due to the high seroprevalence of Ad5 antibodies in most adults, resulting in diminished gene transduction. In the present study, we screened six species (species A-F) of adenovirus, displaying different tropisms for interaction with CD34+ cells, at the level of virus attachment and expression. Virus particles were biotinylated and their binding capacity was determined by FACS analysis using streptavidin-FITC. Ad11p, Ad35, and Ad3 (species B) showed high binding affinity, while Ad7, Ad11a (species B), and Ad37 (species D) displayed intermediate affinity. Virions of Ad4 (species E), Ad5 (species C), Ad31 (species A), and Ad41 (species F) hardly bound to hematopoietic progenitor cells. Using a double-labeling system, we demonstrated that adenoviruses bind to quiescent CD34+ cells. Ad11p virions showed the highest affinity among the adenoviruses detected. We further confirmed that virus fiber-specific receptors were present on the hematopoietic progenitor cell surface, because both recombinant fiber of Ad11p and specific antiserum against rfiber could block virus attachment. The ability of the adenoviruses to infect hematopoietic cells was studied by immunofluorescence staining. The adenoviruses from species B and Ad37 showed higher infectivity than Ad31, Ad5, Ad4, and Ad41. Among the studied species B adenoviruses, Ad11p manifested a superior infectivity. Thus, we have confirmed that these cells have high-affinity receptors for species B:2 human adenovirus, Ad11p, and this virus may be used as candidate vector to target therapeutic genes to hematopoietic stem cells.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 328, no 2, 198-207 p.
adenoviruses, bindings and replications, receptors, hematopoietic stem cells
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-4055DOI: 10.1016/j.virol.2004.07.018PubMedID: 15464840OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-4055DiVA: diva2:143009