Motivational effects on memory: Chance of winning, group structure and gender
2004 (English)In: Umeå Psychological Reports, ISSN 1650-8653, no 5, 1-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Past research has produced minimal effects of motivation on episodicmemory performance. In the cases where a reliable effect has beenreported, the effects can be attributed to item-specific biases in encodingor rehearsal. Furthermore, the motivators used in previous research havebeen narrow in scope to capture the multifaceted aspects of motivation.Either they have ignored the self or assumed that manipulations of theself are sufficient to create powerful motivators. Also, the motivatorspreviously used have ignored both social and gender issues. The presentstudy aimed to cover these limitations in the field, by letting males andfemales participate in a memory competition with either high (.25) orlow (.01) chance of winning, and in a team or individual format. Theresults showed a three-way interaction between chance of winning, groupstructure, and gender. Furthermore, males in the high-chance group wereaffected by group structure, whereas females were not affected at all. The results are discussed in terms of early motivational thoughts (i.e.,hedonism and voluntarism), and group structure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2004. no 5, 1-9 p.
motivation, chance of winning, episodic memory performance
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-4059OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-4059DiVA: diva2:143014