NMR as a tool in drug research: Structure elucidation of peptidomimetics and pilicide-chaperone complexes
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
In the last decades NMR spectroscopy has become an invaluable tool both in academic research and in the pharmaceutical industry. This thesis describes applications of NMR spectroscopy in biomedicinal research for structure elucidation of biologically active peptides and peptidomimetics as well as in studies of ligand-protein interactions.
The first part of this thesis describes the theory and methodology of structure calculations of peptides using experimental restraints derived from NMR spectroscopy. This methodology has been applied to novel mimetics of the peptide hormones desmopressin and Leu-enkephalin. The results of these studies highlight the complicating issue of conformational exchange often encountered in structural determination of peptides and how careful analysis of experimental data as well as optimization of experimental conditions can enable structure determinations in such instances. Although the mimetics of both desmopressin and Leu-enkephalin were found to adopt the wanted conformations, they exhibited no or very poor biological activity. These results demonstrate the difficulties in designing peptidomimetics without detailed structural information of the receptors. A stereoselective synthetic route towards XxxΨ[CH2O]Ala pseudodipeptides is also presented. Such pseudodipeptides can be used as isosteric amide bond replacements in peptides in order to increase their resistance towards proteolytic degradation.
The second part of this thesis describes the study of the interaction between compounds that inhibit pilius assembly, pilicides, and periplasmic chaperones from uropathogenic Escherichia coli. Periplasmic chaperones are key components in assembly of pili, i.e. hair-like protein complexes located on the surface of Escherichia coli that cause urinary tract infections. Detailed knowledge about this interaction is important in understanding how pilicides can inhibit pilus assembly by binding to chaperones. Relaxation-edited NMR experiments were used to confirm the affinity of the pilicides for the chaperones and chemical shift mapping was used to study the pilicide-chaperone interaction surface. These studies show that at least two interaction sites are present on the chaperone surface and consequently that two different mechanisms resulting in inhibition of pilus assembly may exist.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Kemi , 2004. , 66 p.
Organic chemistry, NMR, structure calculations, peptidomimetics, desmopressin, Leu-enkephalin, chemical shift mapping, pilicides, chaperones, urinary tract infections.
Research subject Organic Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-320ISBN: 91-7305-724-XOAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-320DiVA: diva2:143093
2004-10-08, sal KB3B1, KBC-huset, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Williamson, Michael P., Professor
Jan Kihlberg, Jan, adj. prof.Sethson, Ingmar
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