Function of wobble nucleoside modifications in tRNAs of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Transfer RNA from all organisms has modified nucleosides and position 34 (the wobble position) is one of the most extensively modified positions. Some wobble nucleoside modifications restrict codon choice (e.g. 5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridine, mnm5s2U) while some extend the decoding capacity (e.g. uridine-5-oxyacetic acid, cmo5U). In this thesis the influence of wobble nucleoside modification on cell physiology and translation efficiency and accuracy is described.
A mutant proL tRNA (proL207) was isolated that had an unmodified adenosine in the wobble position. Surprisingly, the proL207 mutant grows normally and is efficiently selected at the non-complementary CCC codon. The explanation of how an A34 containing tRNA can read CCC codon could be that a protonated A can form a base pair with C.
cmo5U (uridine-5-oxyacetic acid) is present in the wobble position of five tRNA species in S.enterica. Two genes (cmoA and cmoB) have been identified that are involved in the synthetic pathway of cmo5U. Mutants were constructed in alanine, valine, proline, and threonine codon boxes which left only a cmo5U containing tRNA present in the cell. The influence of cmo5U on growth or on A site selection rates of the ternary complex was found to be tRNA dependent.
During the study of the frameshift suppressor sufY of the hisC3737 frameshift mutation, a dominant mutation was found in YbbB protein, a selenouridine synthetase. The frameshifting occurs at CCC-CAA codon contexts and is specific for CAA codons, which are read by tRNAGlncmnm5s2UUG . The sufY204 mutation is a dominant mutation resulting in a change from Gly67 to Glu67 in the YbbB protein, and mediates the synthesis of several novel modified nucleosides/nucleotides (UKs) with unknown structure. The synthesis of these UKs is connected to the synthesis of cmnm5s2U34. The presence of UK on tRNAGlnU*UG reduced aminoacylation and therefore might account for the slow entry at CAA codons which could result in +1 frameshifting by P site tRNA. The selenourdine synthetase activity is not required for the synthesis of UKs. We hypothesize that an intrinsic activity that is low in the wild type protein has been elevated by the single amino acid substitution and results in the synthesis of UKs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Molekylärbiologi (Teknisk-naturvetenskaplig fakultet) , 2004. , 52 p.
Molecular biology, tRNA, wobble nucleoside, frameshifting, translation
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-328ISBN: 91-7305-734-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-328DiVA: diva2:143112
2004-10-22, Major Groove, 6L, Dept. of Molecular Biology, Umeå University, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Agris, Paul, Prof.
Björk, Glenn R., Prof.
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