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Organizational commitment and person-environment fit in six western countries
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2005 (English)In: Organization Studies, ISSN 0170-8406, E-ISSN 1741-3044, Vol. 26, no 2, 249-270 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The connection between work environment and organizational commitment (OC) is investigated and compared across six western countries, using data from the 1997International Social Survey Program (ISSP). Differences in work environment are examined on two levels: (1) with reference to theoretical literature and empirical findings in comparative research and (2) with reference to how individuals perceive their workplace situation in relation to their personal evaluations of different workplace features (person-environment fit). Although no connection between work environment and OC is found when countries are compared on the basis of literature on the differences in the organization of production, the connection proves to be salient with respect to individual and group levels. The result suggests that the most important factor for OC in all countries is a job that the individual finds interesting. A control for job satisfaction makes it clear that the effect of finding the work interesting is independent of satisfaction with work. Other similarities and differences between the countries are also identified and discussed. New avenues for further comparative research are suggested.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: de Gruyter , 2005. Vol. 26, no 2, 249-270 p.
Keyword [en]
organizational commitment, production regimes, person-environment fit, work values, work rewards, job satisfaction
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-4178DOI: 10.1177/0170840605049800OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-4178DiVA: diva2:143169
Available from: 2004-11-01 Created: 2004-11-01 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The way we conform to paid labour: Commitment to employment and organization from a comparative perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The way we conform to paid labour: Commitment to employment and organization from a comparative perspective
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis compares work orientations in six Western countries (the USA, Great Britain, New Zealand, Germany, Norway, and Sweden), using data from the 1997 International Social Survey Program (ISSP). The main issue examined is whether different ‘production regimes’ correspond to levels and patterns of employment and organizational commitment among the working population.

It is concluded that the country levels of employment commitment varies depending on the institutional set-ups, with respect to production and welfare regimes, being highest in the Scandinavian countries and lowest in Great Britain and the USA. Organizational commitment varies in a more complex manner, with the strongest commitment being found in the USA and the lowest in Sweden. In all countries, the most important factor determining the level of an individual’s organizational commitment is whether the person finds his or her job interesting. This effect is independent of job satisfaction. Organizational commitment was also found to be positively and strongly correlated with right-wing political values in five of the six countries. When it comes to employment commitment, it was found that women display, often significantly, higher commitment than do men. The results suggest that the most important motivator for employment commitment is the desire for interesting work. The concluding discussion summarises and presents the main findings in schematic figures, and includes interpretative discussions focusing on future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, 2004. 43 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 1104-2508 ; A 36
Keyword
Sociology, Employment Commitment, Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment, Person-Environment Fit, Political Values, Production Regimes, Work Rewards, Work Values, Sociologi
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-343 (URN)91-7305-751-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-12-03, Hörsal G, Humanisthuset, Umeå universitet, 901 87 Umeå, 10:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-11-01 Created: 2004-11-01 Last updated: 2012-02-24Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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