Muscle strength assessment from functional performance tests: role of body size
2003 (English)In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, ISSN 1064-8011, Vol. 17, no 4, 664-670 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that the body size plays an important role in assessment of muscle ability to exert force by standard functional performance tests. Twenty-one male students were tested on maximal isometric lift, one leg rising, vertical jump, and box lift tests, and the maximal isokinetic strength of hip and knee extensors was also recorded. When indices of the 4 functional performance tests were related to the strength of each of the 2 leg extensor muscle groups, only maximal isometric lift demonstrated positive correlation with knee extensors strength. When muscle strength was corrected for body mass, however, the aforementioned relationship became insignificant, but the 1 leg rising performance demonstrated a positive relationship with knee extensor strength. In addition, maximal isometric lift and 1 leg rising test performance provided positive and negative correlation, respectively, with body mass. The obtained findings were in line with the effects of scale applied on the tested performance. We generally conclude that the assessment of muscle capability to exert force based on some standard functional performance tests could be confounded by the body size effect.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 17, no 4, 664-670 p.
effects of scale, isokinetic force, movement task, body mass
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-4436PubMedID: 14636094OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-4436DiVA: diva2:143544