Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Intracerebral microdialysis and CSF hydrodynamics in idiopathic adult hydrocephalus syndrome
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience.
Show others and affiliations
2003 (English)In: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, ISSN 0022-3050, Vol. 74, no 2, 217-221 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: In idiopathic adult hydrocephalus syndrome (IAHS), a pathophysiological model of "chronic ischaemia" caused by an arteriosclerotic process in association with a CSF hydrodynamic disturbance has been proposed. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether CSF hydrodynamic manipulation has an impact on biochemical markers related to ischaemia, brain tissue oxygen tension (PtiO(2)), and intracranial pressure. METHODS: A microdialysis catheter, a PtiO(2) probe, and an intracerebral pressure catheter were inserted into the periventricular white matter 0-7 mm from the right frontal horn in 10 patients with IAHS. A subcutaneous microdialysis probe was used as reference. Intracranial pressure and intracerebral PtiO(2) were recorded continuously. Samples were collected for analysis between 2 and 4 pm on day 1 (baseline) and at the same time on day 2, two to four hours after a lumbar CSF hydrodynamic manipulation. The concentrations of glucose, lactate, pyruvate, and glutamate on day 1 and 2 were compared. RESULTS: After CSF drainage, there was a significant rise in the intracerebral concentration of lactate and pyruvate. The lactate to pyruvate ratio was increased and remained unchanged after drainage. There was a trend towards a lowering of glucose and glutamate. Mean intracerebral PtiO(2) was higher on day 2 than on day 1 in six of eight patients. CONCLUSIONS: There is increased glucose metabolism after CSF drainage, as expected in a situation of postischaemic recovery. These new invasive techniques are promising tools in the future study of the pathophysiological processes in IAHS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 74, no 2, 217-221 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-4542DOI: 10.1136/jnnp.74.2.217PubMedID: 12531954OAI: diva2:143685
Available from: 2005-04-28 Created: 2005-04-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. On the pathophysiology of idiopathic adult hydrosephalus syndrome: energy metabolism, protein patterns, and intracranial pressure
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the pathophysiology of idiopathic adult hydrosephalus syndrome: energy metabolism, protein patterns, and intracranial pressure
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The symptoms in Idiopathic Adult Hydrocephalus Syndrome (IAHS) – gait disturbance, incontinence, and cognitive deficit – correlate anatomically to neuronal dysfunction in periventricular white matter. The pathophysiology is considered to include a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) hydrodynamic disturbance, including pressure oscillations (“B waves”), in combination with cerebrovascular disease. IAHS and Subcortical Arteriosclerotic Encephalopathy (SAE) show clinical similarities, which constitutes a diagnostic problem. The aim of this thesis was to investigate biochemical markers in CSF, possibly related to the pathophysiology, and their usefulness in diagnosis, to investigate the effect of ICP changes on glucose supply and metabolism in periventricular deep white matter, and to present criteria for objective, computerised methods for evaluating the content of B waves in an intracranial pressure (ICP) registration. CSF samples from 62 IAHS patients, 26 SAE patients, and 23 controls were analysed for sulfatide, total-tau (T-tau) hyperphosphorylated tau (P-tau), neurofilament protein light (NFL), and beta-amyloid-42 (Aß42). In ten IAHS patients, recordings of ICP, brain tissue oxygen tension (PtiO2), and samplings of brain extracellular fluid from periventricular white matter by way of microdialysis were performed, at rest and during a CSF infusion and tap test. Microdialysis samples were analysed for glucose, lactate, pyruvate, glutamate, glycerol, and urea. Patterns before and after spinal tap were analysed and changes from increasing ICP during the infusion test were described. The long term ICP registration was used to evaluate two computerised methods according to optimal amplitude threshold, monitoring time, and correlation to the manual visual method. In CSF, NFL was elevated in both IAHS and SAE patients, reflecting the axonal damage. In a multinominal logistic regression model, the combined pattern of high NFL, low P-tau and low Aß42 in CSF was shown to be highly predictive in distinguishing between IAHS, SAE and controls. Analysis of microdialysis samples for glucose, lactate, and pyruvate showed, in combination with PtiO2, a pattern of low-grade ischemia. After the spinal tap of CSF, the pattern changed, indicating increased glucose metabolic rate. During the infusion test, there were prompt decreases in the microdialysis values of glucose, lactate and pyruvate during ICP increase, but no sign of hypoxia. The values normalised immediately when ICP was lowered, indicating that the infusion test is not causing damage. One of the computerised methods, with an amplitude threshold set to 1 mm Hg, was shown robust in evaluating B wave content in an ICP registration. At least 5 hours registration time was needed. The highly predictive pattern of biochemical markers in CSF indicates a possibility of identifying simple tests in diagnosing and selecting patients for surgical treatment. The results of microdialysis and PtiO2 indicate low-grade ischemia in the periventricular white matter, which is ameliorated from CSF removal, and that glucose supply and metabolism are sensitive to short-term ICP elevations, thus proposing a link between ICP oscillations and symptoms from neuronal disturbance. A computerised method for evaluation of B waves is a prerequisite for evaluating the impact of pressure oscillations in the pathophysiology of IAHS.

64 p.
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 955
hydrocephalus, biochemical markers, microdialysis, cerebrospinal fluid, B waves, brain tissue oxygen tension
Research subject
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-520 (URN)91-7305-852-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2005-04-29, Sal Betula, by 6 M, Norrlands Universitetssjukhus, Umeå, 09:00 (English)
Available from: 2005-04-28 Created: 2005-04-28 Last updated: 2009-11-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed
By organisation
Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience
In the same journal
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 24 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link