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How problematic are youth problems in the long run?: A longitudinal study of incomes and economic hardship among Swedish youth
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2004 (English)In: Perspektiv på välfärden 2004: Sysselsättning och arbetslöshet, inkomster och levnadsstandard, hälsa, sociala nätverk, överblick över välfärden , Stockholm: Statistiska centralbyrån , 2004, 67-84 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The questions addressed in this study are: first, what factors determine the economic situation among the young and, second, what factors in youth have a long-term impact on people's economic situations?

The empirical analysis utilizes a three wave panel that covers a period of 16 years. A growth curve model is used in order to estimate changes over time and the following main results are found:

Young people’s incomes do not say very much about their current standard of living or future earning ability. If anything, low income is a predictor of substantial future income growth. There are good reasons to be sceptical regarding the importance of analysing young people's income situation and the incidence of income poverty among the young.

Being economically deprived during youth is unrelated to the development of deprivation over time. Hence, the finding that young people in general face economic difficulties does not imply that we are observing a problem with lasting implications.

Labour market situation and household characteristics during youth are only modestly related to the development later on in life. However, long-term unemployment hampers young people's economy also in the long run.

Most importantly, the results of this analysis emphasize the importance of the reproduction of class and gender relations. It is these two fundamental aspects that more than anything else affect young people, on their way into adulthood and in their future life as adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Statistiska centralbyrån , 2004. 67-84 p.
, Levnadsförhållanden, ISSN 0347-7193 ; 106
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-4550ISBN: 91-618-1243-9OAI: diva2:143695
Available from: 2005-04-28 Created: 2005-04-28 Last updated: 2009-10-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Becoming an Adult: Living Conditions and Attitudes among Swedish Youth
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Becoming an Adult: Living Conditions and Attitudes among Swedish Youth
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis studies youth from different perspectives. These are the life phaseand the generational perspectives, which have been studied via questions of establishment and individualisation. The main question is whether young people are different because they have not made socially important transitions into adulthood or if they are different because they have grown up under different circumstances than earlier generations. The consequences of the outcome are important because they can indicate what kind of society young people will reproduce. The following conclusions are drawn: First, there are clear effects of social structurations (class of origin and gender) in the lives of young people. They affect the distribution of attitudes towards welfare state expenditures as well as the economic effects in a long-term perspective. Second, there is rather weak importance of role transitions in relation to what young people believe is important for adulthood, role transitions’ importance for the distribution of attitudes towards the welfare state as well as role transitions’ importance in a long-term perspective. Third, increasing age and subtle socialisation processes may be an explanation to the rather weak meaning of role transitions, cause adjustments to surrounding contexts and people’s expectations. It is concluded that the life phase perspective is a more accurate way of viewing young people, mainly because of the impact of social structurations, which are believed to contribute to continuous reproduction rather than complete change of society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Sociologi, 2005. 140 p.
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 1104-2508 ; 37
Sociology, youth, transitions, individualisation, life phase, life-course, welfare state, attitudes, social structuration, Sociologi
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Research subject
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-522 (URN)91-7305-814-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2005-05-20, Hörsal E, Humanisthuset, Umeå, 13:15
Available from: 2005-04-28 Created: 2005-04-28 Last updated: 2011-03-10Bibliographically approved

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