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Becoming an Adult: Living Conditions and Attitudes among Swedish Youth
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis studies youth from different perspectives. These are the life phaseand the generational perspectives, which have been studied via questions of establishment and individualisation. The main question is whether young people are different because they have not made socially important transitions into adulthood or if they are different because they have grown up under different circumstances than earlier generations. The consequences of the outcome are important because they can indicate what kind of society young people will reproduce. The following conclusions are drawn: First, there are clear effects of social structurations (class of origin and gender) in the lives of young people. They affect the distribution of attitudes towards welfare state expenditures as well as the economic effects in a long-term perspective. Second, there is rather weak importance of role transitions in relation to what young people believe is important for adulthood, role transitions’ importance for the distribution of attitudes towards the welfare state as well as role transitions’ importance in a long-term perspective. Third, increasing age and subtle socialisation processes may be an explanation to the rather weak meaning of role transitions, cause adjustments to surrounding contexts and people’s expectations. It is concluded that the life phase perspective is a more accurate way of viewing young people, mainly because of the impact of social structurations, which are believed to contribute to continuous reproduction rather than complete change of society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Sociologi , 2005. , 140 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 1104-2508 ; 37
Keyword [en]
Sociology, youth, transitions, individualisation, life phase, life-course, welfare state, attitudes, social structuration
Keyword [sv]
Sociologi
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-522ISBN: 91-7305-814-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-522DiVA: diva2:143698
Public defence
2005-05-20, Hörsal E, Humanisthuset, Umeå, 13:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2005-04-28 Created: 2005-04-28 Last updated: 2011-03-10Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Forever young?: Young people's conception of adulthood - the Swedish case
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Forever young?: Young people's conception of adulthood - the Swedish case
2004 (English)In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 7, no 1, 35-53 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article addresses the issue of young people's subjective conception of attainment of adulthood. Setting a process, as well as a multidimensional perspective, the analysis enables the study of both role transitions and issues of individual maturity in attainment of adulthood. Usually, after completing specific role transitions, young people are regarded as adult members of society. Due to social changes it is of interest to study whether young people themselves also put the same emphasis on these role transitions in attainment of adulthood. Drawing on data from the Swedish Board of Youth Affairs containing 3200 respondents aged 16-29, the results indicate that young people who have completed role transitions assign them less value for the importance of adult status. However, becoming a parent is a role transition that is given great importance and is also in relation to the issue of responsibility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2004
Keyword
Social class, social work, youth culture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-4549 (URN)10.1080/1367626042000209949 (DOI)
Available from: 2005-04-28 Created: 2005-04-28 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
2. How problematic are youth problems in the long run?: A longitudinal study of incomes and economic hardship among Swedish youth
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How problematic are youth problems in the long run?: A longitudinal study of incomes and economic hardship among Swedish youth
2004 (English)In: Perspektiv på välfärden 2004: Sysselsättning och arbetslöshet, inkomster och levnadsstandard, hälsa, sociala nätverk, överblick över välfärden , Stockholm: Statistiska centralbyrån , 2004, 67-84 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The questions addressed in this study are: first, what factors determine the economic situation among the young and, second, what factors in youth have a long-term impact on people's economic situations?

The empirical analysis utilizes a three wave panel that covers a period of 16 years. A growth curve model is used in order to estimate changes over time and the following main results are found:

Young people’s incomes do not say very much about their current standard of living or future earning ability. If anything, low income is a predictor of substantial future income growth. There are good reasons to be sceptical regarding the importance of analysing young people's income situation and the incidence of income poverty among the young.

Being economically deprived during youth is unrelated to the development of deprivation over time. Hence, the finding that young people in general face economic difficulties does not imply that we are observing a problem with lasting implications.

Labour market situation and household characteristics during youth are only modestly related to the development later on in life. However, long-term unemployment hampers young people's economy also in the long run.

Most importantly, the results of this analysis emphasize the importance of the reproduction of class and gender relations. It is these two fundamental aspects that more than anything else affect young people, on their way into adulthood and in their future life as adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Statistiska centralbyrån, 2004
Series
Levnadsförhållanden, ISSN 0347-7193 ; 106
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-4550 (URN)91-618-1243-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2005-04-28 Created: 2005-04-28 Last updated: 2009-10-05Bibliographically approved
3. Livsfas eller generation?: ungas attityder till välfärdsstatliga utgifter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Livsfas eller generation?: ungas attityder till välfärdsstatliga utgifter
2004 (Swedish)In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 3, 55-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Young people’s attitudes towards the Swedish welfare state’s expenditures are scrutinized in this study. Data from Statistic’s Sweden Survey of Living Conditions was used and a total of 5.732 respondents aged 19 to 65, out of which 1.106 were aged 19-30 years old, answered questions regarding what expenditures they considered should increase or decrease.

The results show that there is self-interest in attitudes to the distribution of expenditures and substantial age-differences. Young people were more positive concerning expenditures towards the support argued important for establishment. Actual monetary transfer was not distinguishing between ages, therefore the situation of real or potential risk-exposure characteristic for youth was argued what was explaining the age-difference in attitudes.

The results support the life-phase effect rather than the generation effect – individualization’s achievement orientation – in the distribution of attitudes towards the Swedish welfare state’s expenditures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, 2004
Keyword
Youth, attitudes, welfare state, individualization, generation
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-12145 (URN)
Available from: 2007-06-21 Created: 2007-06-21 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
4. Blir unga vuxna eller blir vuxenvärlden ungdomlig?: Attityder till välfärdsstatliga utgifter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Blir unga vuxna eller blir vuxenvärlden ungdomlig?: Attityder till välfärdsstatliga utgifter
(English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-4552 (URN)
Note
Utgör delarbete nr 4 i författarens doktorsavhandling, med titeln på engelska: Do youths grow up or does the adult world become youthful? Young people’s attitudes towards welfare state expenditures'.Available from: 2005-04-28 Created: 2005-04-28 Last updated: 2009-10-06Bibliographically approved

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