Synthesis of a C-glycoside analogue of β-D-galactosyl hydroxynorvaline and its use in immunological studies
2000 (English)In: ChemBioChem (Print), ISSN 1439-4227, E-ISSN 1439-7633, Vol. 1, no 4, 272-280 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A C-linked isostere of β-d-galactosylated hydroxynorvaline has been prepared in eight steps from per-O-benzylated galactopyranolactone. Addition of a homoallylic Grignard reagent to the lactone, reduction of the resulting hemiacetal with triethylsilane, and a Wittig reaction with Garner's aldehyde were key steps in this synthesis. The C-linked building block was then incorporated at position 264 into the fragment CII(256–270) from type II collagen by solid-phase synthesis using a combination of the tert-butoxycarbonyl (Boc) and 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl (Fmoc) protective group strategies. Deprotection of the benzylated C-linked galactosyl moiety was achieved simultaneously with cleavage of the glycopeptide from the solid phase by using triethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate in TFA. Helper T-cell hybridomas obtained in a mouse model for rheumatoid arthritis responded to the C-linked glycopeptide when presented by class II MHC molecules. However, 10- to 20-fold higher concentrations were required as compared to when O-linked β-d-galactosylated hydroxynorvaline or hydroxylysine (Hyl) were present at position 264 of CII(256–270). Thus, replacement of a single oxygen atom by a methylene group in the carbohydrate moiety of a glycopeptide antigen had a substantial influence on the T-cell response. This reveals that T cells are able to recognize the carbohydrate moiety of glycopeptide antigens with high specificity. Finally, the results suggest that structural modifications of β-d-Gal-Hyl264in CII(256–270) may give altered peptide ligands that can be used for induction of tolerance in autoimmune rheumatoid arthritis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2000. Vol. 1, no 4, 272-280 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-4779DOI: 10.1002/1439-7633(20001117)1:4<272::AID-CBIC272>3.0.CO;2-WOAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-4779DiVA: diva2:144017