In vitro GAP activity towards RhoA, Rac1 and Cdc42 is not a prerequisite for YopE induced HeLa cell cytotoxicity.
2003 (English)In: Microbial Pathogenesis, ISSN 0882-4010, Vol. 34, no 6, 297-308 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The YopE cytotoxin of Yersinia is an essential virulence determinant that is translocated into the eukaryotic target cell via a plasmid-encoded type III secretion system. YopE possess a GTPase activating protein activity that in vitro has been shown to down regulate RhoA, Rac1, and Cdc42. Translocated YopE induces de-polymerisation of the actin microfilament structure in the eukaryotic cell which results in a rounding up of infected cells described as a cytotoxic effect. Here, we have investigated the importance of different regions of YopE for induction of cytotoxicity and in vitro GAP activity. Sequential removal of the N- and C-terminus of YopE identified the region between amino acids 90 and 215 to be necessary for induction of cytotoxicity. Internal deletions containing the essential arginine at position 144 resulted in a total loss of cytotoxic response. In-frame deletions flanking the arginine finger defined a region important for the cytotoxic effect to amino acids 166–183. Four triple-alanine substitution mutants in this region, YopE166-8A, 169-71A, 175-7A and 178-80A were still able to induce cytotoxicity on HeLa cells although they did not show any in vitro GAP activity towards RhoA, Rac1 or Cdc42. A substitution mutant in position 206-8A showed the same phenotype, ability to induce cytotoxic response but no in vitro GAP activity. We speculate that YopE may have additional unidentified targets within the eukaryotic cell.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 34, no 6, 297-308 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-4857DOI: 10.1016/S0882-4010(03)00063-9PubMedID: 12782482OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-4857DiVA: diva2:144116