Memory functions and rCBF (99m)Tc-HMPAO SPET: developing diagnostics in Alzheimer's disease
2002 (English)In: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, ISSN 1619-7070, ISSN 1619-7070, Vol. 29, no 9, 1140-1148 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a primary degenerative disease of the brain. The prevalence increases with age, with devastating consequences for the individual and society. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether patients with early AD show an altered regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) compared with control persons. Furthermore, we aimed to investigate the correlation between rCBF in sublobar volumes of the brain and performance on memory tests. Memory tests were chosen to evaluate episodic and semantic memory. Fourteen patients (aged 75.2+/-8.8 years) with early AD and 15 control persons (aged 71.4+/-3.2 years) were included. rCBF measurements with single-photon emission tomography (SPET) using technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (HMPAO) were performed. The rCBF (99m)Tc-HMPAO SPET images were spatially transformed to fit a brain atlas and normalised for differences in rCBF (Computerised Brain Atlas software). Cortical and subcortical volumes of interest (VOIs) were analysed and compared. Compared with the controls, AD patients showed a significantly lower rCBF ratio in temporoparietal regions, including the left hippocampus. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity for AD were high in temporoparietal regions. AD patients had significantly reduced performance on semantic and, in particular, episodic memory tests compared with age-matched normative data, and their performance on several episodic tests correlated with rCBF ratios in parietal and temporal regions, including the left hippocampus. The correlation between rCBF ratio and level of episodic memory performance suggests that abnormalities in rCBF pattern underlie impaired episodic memory functioning in AD.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 29, no 9, 1140-1148 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-5084DOI: 10.1007/s00259-002-0829-yPubMedID: 12192558OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-5084DiVA: diva2:144453