College choice and earnings among university graduates in Sweden
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This thesis consists of three papers that examine college choice and earnings among university graduates in Sweden.
Paper [I] analyzes how geographical accessibility to higher education affects university enrollment decisions in Sweden. The empirical findings show that the probability of enrollment in university education increases with accessibility to university education. The results also indicate that accessibility adds to the likelihood of attending a university within the region of residence. Both these findings are robust with regard to different specifications of accessibility. The empirical results furthermore indicate that the enrollment decisions of individuals with a less privileged background are more sensitive to accessibility to university education than are the decisions of individuals from a more favorable background.
Paper [II] examines the effect on earnings of graduating from five different college groups. The paper relies on selection on observables and linear regression to identify the earnings effect of college choice. Contrary to the majority of previous Swedish studies, we do not find any systematic differences in estimated earnings between college graduates from the different college groups. This finding does not only hold when considering all college graduates, but also when focusing on men and women separately as well as when considering college graduates in two specific fields of education. The results suggest that an estimator of the earnings effects of college choice that does not properly adjust for ability is likely to be substantially biased.
Paper [III] estimates the causal effect on earnings of graduating from old universities rather than new universities/university colleges. The study compares estimates from several different matching methods and linear regression. We cannot find any significant differences in earnings between graduates from the two groups of colleges. This holds for male and female sub-samples covering all majors, as well as male and female sub-samples covering two broad fields of education. The results are robust with regard to different methods of propensity score matching and regression adjustment. Furthermore, the results indicate little sensitivity with regard to the empirical support in the data and alternative specifications of the propensity scores.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Nationalekonomi , 2006. , 17 p.
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 693
University enrollment, college choice, accessibility, earnings, ability, selection bias, propensity score matching
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-859ISBN: 91-7264-161-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-859DiVA: diva2:144763
2006-10-06, Bt 102, Beteendevetarhuset, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15
List of papers