Combined effects of embolisation and hypofractionated conformal stereotactic radiotherapy in arteriovenous malformations of the brain
2005 (English)In: INTERVENTIONAL NEURORADIOLOGY, ISSN 1123-9344, Vol. 11, no 3, 223-229 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
There are three major treatment options for cerebral AVMs; surgery, embolization and radiosurgery. Embolization may be effective to reduce the size and density but completely obliterates AVMs only in a minority of cases. Radiosurgery may be an alternative to resection, especially in smaller AVMs. Large AVMs have been considered difficult to treat safely and effectively with single fraction radiosurgery. Hypofractionated conformal stereotactic radiotherapy (HCSRT)alone or in combination with embolization may be an alternative treatment. Embolization may reduce the volume and density of AVMs, followed by HCSRT, allowing a safe delivery of a higher total dose of radiation than possible with a single fraction. Sixteen patients with AVMs were treated with embolization and HCSRT. Embolization was performed in 1-6(median 2) sessions. HCSRT was delivered in 5fractions with 6-7 Gy each to the total dose of30–35 Gy. Cerebral angiographies before and after embolization were digitally compared for calculation of volume reduction and luminescence as a measure of AVM density. The mean AVM volume in 15 patients was reduced from11.9 ± 2.1 (1-29, median 10.0) ml to 6.5 ± 2.0(0.5–28, median 3) ml by embolization. The luminescence for all AVMs was significantly higher after than before embolization, indicating that all AVMs were less dense after embolization. Thirteen out of 16 patients (13/16, 81%) treatedwith embolization and HCSRT have so farshown obliteration of their AVMs 2-9 (median4) years after HCSRT. Three patients experienced neurological sequele after embolization, and three patients developed radionecrosis after HCSRT. Using a new method to compare cerebral angiographies in AVMs we report reduction in density and volume after embolization. The obliteration rate of a combined treatment with embolization and HCSRT seems comparable with single fraction radiosurgery although the AVMs in our series are larger than reported in most series treated with single fraction radiosurgery.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Milan, Udine, Italy: Edizioni del Centauro , 2005. Vol. 11, no 3, 223-229 p.
AVM, embolization, stereotactic, radiotherapy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-5305OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-5305DiVA: diva2:144783