Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Concentrations and enantiomer fractions of organochlorine compounds in Baltic species hit by reproductive impairment
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
Show others and affiliations
2002 (English)In: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, ISSN 0730-7268, E-ISSN 1552-8618, Vol. 21, no 12, 2542-2551 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Concentrations and enantiomer fractions (EFs) of organochlorine compounds (OCs) were determined in tissues of gray seal (Halichoerus grypus) and salmon (Salmo salar) originating from the Baltic Sea. The selected seal specimens ranged from starved to unstarved animals, and some of them suffered from a disease complex, while the salmon samples originated from individuals, which were known to produce offspring with and without the M74 syndrome. Significant differences in residue levels and EFs were found between seal groups but not between M74 salmon and non-M74 salmon. The relations between chemical and biological variables of seal samples were investigated with multivariate statistics. Poor health status correlated strongly with age, while bad nutrition condition was associated mainly with high pollution loads and distinctively nonracemic chiral OC compositions. High biotransformation rate (as indicated by fraction of chlordane metabolites in relation to total level of chlordanes) was also associated with large deviations from racemic values and high contaminant levels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 21, no 12, 2542-2551 p.
Keyword [en]
Baltic;Salmon;Gray seal;Organochlorine compounds;Enantiomer fraction
National Category
Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-5449DOI: 10.1002/etc.5620211204OAI: diva2:144964
Available from: 2002-01-25 Created: 2002-01-25 Last updated: 2012-02-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Enantiospecific Analysis and Environmental Behavior of Chiral Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enantiospecific Analysis and Environmental Behavior of Chiral Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Many persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are chiral. These pollutants are generally released into the environment as racemates, but frequently undergo alterations in enantiomeric composition as soon as they are subjected to life chemistry processes. Enantiospecific analysis of chiral POPs is important since enantiomers of chiral compounds often exhibit differences in biological activity, and most biochemical processes in nature are stereospecific. For abiotic processes, such as air-water gas exchange, deposition and long-range air transport, enantiomeric patterns of POPs may be used as chemical markers.

The aim of the work described in this thesis was to improve our knowledge about the presence and fate of enantiomers of chiral POPs inthe environment to provide a sound basis for accurate risk assessment. The compounds included were organochlorine (OC) pesticides (α-HCH, chlordanes and o,p’-DDT), atropisomeric PCBs and some of their respective metabolites (heptachlor-exo-epoxide, oxychlordane and MeSO2-PCBs).

Analytical methods for chiral PCBs were developed, and the elution sequences of (+) and (−)-enantiomers were determined. Enantiomeric fraction (EF) was proposed as a better reflector of chiral composition than the conventional enantiomeric ratio (ER).

Enantioselective bioprocessing in various compartments was studied, with the main emphasis on factors controlling chiral composition in biota Correlations were detected between changes in EFs and differences in trophic levels. The changes were, however, not consistent for all compounds. Instead, the enantiomeric composition was found to be species-specific in the polar bear food chain and in aquatic species from the Baltic Sea. The EFs of some POPs in Baltic seals were related tonutritional status and biotransformation capacity.

Enantiomeric and isomeric patterns were used to investigate abiotic processes in the southern Baltic Sea environment and EFs were used tostudy soil as a source of atmospheric heptachlor-exo-epoxide.

90 p.
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-9 (URN)91-7305-162-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
Available from: 2002-01-25 Created: 2002-01-25 Last updated: 2012-06-28Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Wiberg, KarinHaglund, Peter
By organisation
Department of Chemistry
In the same journal
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Environmental Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 47 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link